Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a risk factor in many diseases, such as heart attack, kidney failure and stroke. Hypertension often doesn’t show any symptoms, so regular check-ups are important. Leading a healthy lifestyle is one of the best ways to both treat and prevent hypertension. On this page: How blood pressure is controlled. How blood pressure is controlled How blood pressure is measured Sphygmomanometer Most people with hypertension feel okay An unhealthy lifestyle can cause hypertension Some drugs may cause hypertension Blood pressure and ageing Making healthier choices Anti .
High blood pressure affects men and women differently When it comes to hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, one should be aware of some of the differences between men and women.
High blood pressure is more common in men as compared to women before the age of 50 years old. However, after the age of 55 years old, high blood pressure is more common among women than men. High blood pressure complications for men and women High blood pressure complications include heart attacks and stroke. Studies have shown that such complications are significantly lower in women, especially in women who have not undergone menopause. Between these two complications, the reduction in heart attacks is much more prominent.
When comparing men and women between 40 and 70 years old with similar degrees of high blood pressure, women have lower complication risks than men. Therefore, to have similar damage to organs and blood vessels in women, a greater blood pressure load is required. Screening for high blood pressure It is thus important to go for regular blood pressure screening, especially if you are a young or middle-aged man (20s to early 40s) or a post-menopausal woman.
“Some people believe that high blood pressure is an old man’s disease. While older people have a greater risk of this, younger men in their 30s and 40s often suffer from the disease without knowing it,” says Dr Ian Phoon, Associate Consultant, – Pasir Ris, a member of the group.
This is because high blood pressure is a “silent killer” with no obvious symptoms. “Despite gender differences in the age-related risk of high blood pressure, both men and women are diagnosed and treated in the same way”, adds Dr Phoon. How is high blood pressure measured? Blood pressure measures how hard the heart has to work to pump blood through the arteries.
Blood pressure is recorded as an upper (systolic) reading over a lower (diastolic) reading. The systolic reading is the pressure in the arteries (measured in millimeters of mercury, or mm Hg) when the heart squeezes. The diastolic reading is the pressure when the heart relaxes. A person with a blood pressure reading of 140/90 mm Hg or higher is said to have high blood pressure.
As long as either the systolic and/or the diastolic pressures are high, the person has high blood pressure. Having untreated high blood pressure can double your risk of getting a stroke and heart attack, and increase your chance of kidney failure.
Why do younger men develop high blood pressure? Obesity, work stress, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption (more than 2 drinks per day) and high salt intake are likely causes for the rise in high blood pressure in men under age 45. Younger men with high blood pressure may have metabolic syndrome (abdominal obesity) which is linked to heart diseases and .
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Regular could save your life . Knowing your blood pressure numbers allows you to change your diet and lifestyle. It can also help you understand the importance of taking your blood pressure medication as prescribed by your doctor. The best blood pressure monitor s for home use are accurate and user-friendly . If your doctor told you to start looking for a way to keep track of your blood pressure at home, chances are you're already feeling a little overwhelmed.
You don't want to compromise on accuracy, but you also want your device to be affordable, easy to use, and reliable. We hear you! So, take a deep breath and let your heart rate settle. We've got you covered! Here's a list of the best blood pressure monitors for home use.
9 MODELS CONSIDERED: When ranking the best blood pressure monitors for home use, we carefully considered each model, design, and brand available on the market. We took into account relevance, functionality, and customer experiences to deliver a list of the most practical options out there.
There is a lot to love about this product. As an upper arm cuff, this monitor is extremely accurate. The device has an easy-to-read LCD display screen that shows all your measurements and date. Numbers on the display are large. This monitor detects irregular heartbeats, too. If all that isn’t enough, this cuff fits a wide range of arm sizes. Plus, it can be shared by two people, and it will store up to 250 measurements per user automatically.
So this is the perfect monitor if you need to bring your data with you to the doctor. For the price, it can’t be beaten. What we Love About this Product: • Can be used by two different people, making it an ideal purchase for couples! • Detects and notifies you of irregular heartbeats • Stores 250 measurements per user for tracking and monitoring • Undergoes rigorous testing for assured accuracy Digitally equipped Blood Pressure Monitors provide the same results as manual monitors, plus, they are fast and convenient, displaying results on a large LED screen.
( ) Recommended for Medical & Home Use: The Vive Digital Blood Pressure Monitor (BPM) can be used by anyone from the comfort of their own home. Having a reliable BPM at home can help you collect data about your blood pressure to take with you to your next appointment.
Or, your doctor might have you call their office with your numbers. Taking your measurements might limit the number of appointments you need, which can be particularly important for older adults or those who are less mobile. It’s important to remember that if you have high blood pressure - you might not notice any symptoms at all, but it doesn’t mean it’s not there.
By monitoring your blood pressure regularly, you can stay on top of your health. Tips for Using the Vive Precision Blood Pressure Monitor: Keeping track of your blood pressure readings is essential for overall well-being. The dual user capability stores and records the history and readings for 2 users with just the toggle of a button ( ) • • Don't smoke, drink caffeine or do exercise before taking a reading • Sit still, in a relaxed position, while taking a reading • Speak to your doctor if you have concerns about high blood pressure What Customers are Saying: “ I did research prior to purchase, and was not disappointed when I received and used this monitor.
Great product and Support!” - Al “ The monitor is very easy to use and light weight. the customer service is awesome too!” - Lacey “ Great little machine. It’s works perfect. Had a nurse take my blood pressure after I used the machine to make sure it had an accurate reading. It was spot on. I highly recommend this product” - Mary “ I love this monitor because it is so easy to use.
And it is also true to the reading. My doctor had me bring it with me for my appointment so she could compare it with the hospital monitor and she was very happy to see that the reading was almost the same. the company that sell them are so great and helpful. Stands by their product. Would encourage any one to buy this monitor” - Mat This is Omron’s 10 Series BP Monitor.
We like that it is an upper arm, cuff-style monitor because these types of monitors are more accurate when compared to wrist cuff monitors. The cuff inflates around the entire arm, making it easy to find the proper positioning. This monitor will take three consecutive readings and give you an average - making it easy to track and trend your normal ranges. With an easy-to-read screen that displays extra-large digits in different colors, you won’t have any problem reading your result.
While you can get a cheaper blood pressure monitor that's accurate and reliable, if you absolutely need a hospital-grade device, this product is a good option.
It can take an precise readings , even if in the presence of movement or a weak pulse. This device is rechargeable and small enough to fit in your hand. You might also find your doctor using it in their office. Even though wrist blood pressure monitors are less accurate, they are easy to use. And, they make taking your blood pressure on-the-go a cinch This monitor uses a large, easy-to-read screen and stores your data in case you forget your last reading.
This is a good option for those looking for a quick and straightforward way to obtain a blood pressure reading. This cuff is popular and has favorable ratings. However, we always recommend using an upper arm cuff with a digital screen or a manual blood pressure monitor. This model uses indicator lights to help you find the position needed to take your reading. We also like that this device inflates silently, so it can be used when you want to be discreet.
This is an excellent upper arm blood pressure cuff with a digital monitor. The cuff and digital screen come as a kit with batteries, a wall plug, and a carrying case. The cuff has easy-to-understand markings to help with placement.
The markings need to be aligned with your main artery. This device records all your measurements with the time of day they were taken, which helps when you compare your results and report them to your doctor. This wrist-cuff-design blood pressure monitor can store a lot of readings - 1,197 to be exact. And the device can be shared by three people, as opposed to the typical two-user design—perfect for a family.
Readings are conveniently shown in three colors, and the monitor uses measurement technology that makes the process faster and more comfortable. Our favorite feature: the size of the digital display monitor. It’s almost like a remote. It is easy to hold and read, even if your hands are a little shaky. We also like the built-in sensor that cancels out noise and only reads the necessary pulsations.
And if you don’t want the tightness of blood pressure cuffs, this device can actually take the reading while the cuff tightens.
So it doesn’t clamp down on your arm to the extent other cuffs do. Doctors still use manual blood pressure cuffs in their offices because they are arguably the most accurate. This particular device is incredibly reliable. It has been stress tested over a thousand times and is exact. Its readings are within +/- 3 mmHg - the measurement used to measure the pressure inside your arteries. The Importance of At-Home Monitoring Many people who need to monitor their blood pressure on a regular basis have high blood pressure, also known as hypertension.
This is a common condition that happens when the force of your blood pushing on the walls of your blood vessels is too high. Hypertension can cause long-term health problems, like heart disease. If you have high blood pressure it’s crucial you have a blood pressure monitor at home for self-care. Tips for Using an At-Home Blood Pressure Monitor You want your readings to be accurate. The American Heart Association suggests several tips to help you take a blood pressure reading using your at-home monitor.
Time • It’s important to measure your blood pressure at the same time every day. When you start taking your blood pressure, you will see that there is a daily pattern to your readings. Blood pressure is usually lower in the evening and first thing in the morning. It rises throughout the day and peaks in the mid-afternoon.
Before Measuring Your Blood Pressure • Don’t smoke or drink caffeinated beverages before taking a reading. • Wait at least thirty minutes after exercising before taking a reading. Sit Correctly When You Measure Your Blood Pressure • Sit still. • Maintain an erect but relaxed posture, with your feet on the floor. • Do not cross your legs. • Support your arms on a flat surface. • Position the cuff correctly using the individual guides on the monitors.
Take Multiple Measurements • Take at least three readings. Wait one minute between each reading. • Use the average of three readings to get a clearer picture of your blood pressure measurements. • Record (or have your device record) your measurements, and bring them to the doctor as needed. • Remember, it's possible to see a difference between readings on your right and left arms.
Differences of 10mmHg or less are normal. • If you get a high blood pressure reading, take a few more readings to make sure it's right. If your readings are still high, call your primary doctor’s office to report your numbers. • If your reading is greater than 180/110, test it again.
If it is still that high, you should seek immediate medical attention. Understand Your Results It is essential to understand what your results mean. Blood pressure can often be improved by modifying your diet and lifestyle or seeking medical advice. If you decide you need to take action, start by trying these . The top number is your systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number is you diastolic blood pressure. Normal: <120/<80 Pre-hypertension: 120–130/80–89 Hypertension Stage 1: 140–159/90–99 Hypertension Stage 2: 160+/100+ Crisis Stage: 180+/110+ (You should seek immediate medical attention.) Carefully follow the instructions provided by the manufacturer.
A slight deviation from the instructions can produce inaccurate results. Once you have a few readings, you can share them with your doctor. To learn more about the different types of blood pressure monitors, read our . Get heart healthy with the best blood pressure monitor for home use! If your doctor has told you to monitor your blood pressure, don’t delay purchasing an at-home blood pressure monitor.
Monitoring your blood pressure is a healthy practice that is beneficial for everyone. We've selected several options that address a variety of needs, so you'll have no trouble finding the best blood pressure monitor for home use to fit your situation. We recommend either a manual blood pressure monitor or an upper arm cuff with a digital screen since these are the most accurate devices. Of course, take your time and do your research to see which type of device will work best for you.
But don’t take too much time! Blood pressure monitoring could save your life. Learn More about Monitors & Your Blood Pressure: Melissa Mills, RN Melissa is a Quality Assurance Nurse, professor, writer, and business owner.
She enjoys empowering older adults to live their best life through daily self-care activities. Melissa is owner of www.makingspace.company, a website dedicated to helping women find their creative passions through writing and co-owner of enursingresources.com, a start-up Nursing CE company that will offer online courses soon.
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April 25, 2011 - New guidelines stress more aggressive treatment of in very elderly patients. It's long been clear that people ages 65 to 79 benefit greatly from treatments that lower . But now an expert panel convened by the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Association (AHA) endorses treatment for patients over age 80. Because -pressure-lowering drugs can have dangerous side effects in very elderly patients, doctors have been wary of aggressively in people over age 80.
The result: Only one in three men and only one in four women over age 80 have their blood pressure under control. Yet a groundbreaking 2008 study of 3,845 over-80 patients found that over two years, lowering blood pressure in over-80 patients with a water pill (and, if needed, a blood pressure drug called an ): • Cut all-cause deaths by 21% • Cut strokes by 30% • Cut deaths by 39% • Cut heart deaths by 23% • Cut by 64% "The real concern is that a majority of elderly people have suboptimal control of their pressure and -- until recently -- many clinicians didn't treat in octogenarians because they worried that doing so would increase mortality," guideline writing co-chair Wilbert S.
Aronow, MD, says in a news release. Those findings prompted the ACC and AHA to convene an expert panel. Their 78-page report, published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, notes that doctors must consider individual factors for each of their elderly patients. Nevertheless, the panel makes these general recommendations for people over age 80: • A target systolic blood pressure (the first or top number in a two-number blood-pressure reading) should be 140 to 145 if the patient tolerates the side effects of treatment.
• Patients should not have a systolic blood pressure below 130 or a diastolic blood pressure (the second or bottom number) below 65. • For very elderly patients whose doesn't come down with initial treatment, the combination of a type of blood pressure drug known as a RAAS blocker, a antagonist, and a water pill is often effective.
• Very elderly patients may benefit from lifestyle changes that lower blood pressure: , reducing salt in the diet, drinking less alcohol, and taking up .
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