Discover data on Population: Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. Explore expert forecasts and historical data on economic indicators across 195+ countries Vietnam’s Population: HCMC: Females data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by Ho Chi Minh City Statistics Office. The data is categorized under Global Database’s Vietnam – Table VN.G007: Population: Ho Chi Minh City. Last.
Ho Chi Minh City received more than 3.8 million international visitors in the first 6 months, a 26.5 percent higher than in the same period last year, and reached 51 percent of this year's target. The city's tourism sector earned VND62,600 billion (US$2.7 billion), up 15.7 percent compared to the last year and achieved 45 percent of the target in this year. According to the Ho Chi Minh City Statistics Office, a foreign tourist spends averagely VND3.3 million (US$145) per day and stayed 5.21 days in 2017.
The number of international visitors who have an average length of stay of 4-7 days accounted for 48 percent of the total while the survey showed that 40 percent of international travelers had a stay of 8-14 days.
A domestic holiday maker spends averagely VND1.58 million a day. The number of local visitors who have an average length of stay of 1-3 days accounted for 61.1 percent of the total while the number of people had a stay of 4-7 days accounted for 40 percent. The HCMC Department of Tourism plans to organize the 8th Tourism Promotion Organization for Asian-Pacific Cities (TPO) Forum from June 21-22, International Travel Expo 2018 on September 6-8 and a series of activities promoting tourism and tourist products in the city.
best dating ho chi minh city tourism statistics 2016 - Ho Chi Minh City
Ho Chi Minh City Department of Tourism Add: 140 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street, Ward 6, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City Tel: (0283) 824 2903 Website: http://sodulich.hochiminhcity.gov.vn Ho Chi Minh City Department of Culture, Sports Add: 164 Dong Khoi Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City Tel: (0283) 822 4053 Fax: (0283) 822 3221 Email: email@example.com Website: www.svhtt.hochiminhcity.gov.vn Ho Chi Minh City Tourism Promotion Center Add: 140 Nguyen Dinh Chieu Street, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City Tel: (0283) 824 2903 (171,172,173)
Ho Chi Minh City (: Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; ( ) or ; formerly : Ville de Hô-Chi-Minh), also known by its former name of Saigon (: Sài Gòn; or ), is the largest city in by population. It was known as Prey Nokor (: ព្រៃនគរ) prior to annexation by the Vietnamese in the 17th century. Under the name Saigon, it was the capital of the of and later of the independent of 1955–75.
On 2 July 1976, Saigon merged with the surrounding and was officially renamed Ho Chi Minh City after revolutionary leader (although the name Sài Gòn is still widely used). The , which consists of the Ho Chi Minh City metropolis, , , , Bà Rịa, Dĩ An, Thuận An and surrounding towns, is populated by about 12 million people, making it the most populous metropolitan area in Vietnam.
The city's population is expected to grow to 13.9 million by 2025. The population of the city is expanding faster than earlier predictions. In August 2017 that the city's mayor, Nguyen Thanh Phong, admitted that previous estimates of 8-10 million were drastic underestimations. The actual population (including those who have not officially registered) was estimated 13 million in 2017.
The , a metropolitan area covering most parts of the region plus and under planning, will have an area of 30,000 square kilometres (12,000 sq mi) with a population of 20 million inhabitants by 2020. Sài Gòn may refer to the ( bông gòn) trees that are common around the city.
Ho Chi Minh City has gone by several different names during its history, reflecting settlement by different ethnic, cultural and political groups. In the 1690s, , a Vietnamese noble, was sent by the Nguyễn rulers of to establish Vietnamese administrative structures in the Mekong Delta and its surroundings. Control of the city and the area passed to the Vietnamese, who gave the city the official name of Gia Định (). This name remained until the time of in the 1860s, when the occupying force adopted the name Saigon for the city, a form of the traditional name, although the city was still indicated as on Vietnamese maps written in until at least 1891.
Immediately after the communist takeover of in 1975, a provisional government renamed the city after , the late leader. Even today, however, the informal name of Sài Gòn/ Saigon remains in daily speech both domestically and internationally, especially among the .
In particular, Sài Gòn is still commonly used to refer to . Saigon retains the name used informally since the 17th century. An etymology of Saigon (or Sài Gòn in Vietnamese) is that Sài is a word (: ) meaning "firewood, lops, twigs; palisade", while Gòn is another word (: ) meaning "stick, pole, bole", and whose meaning evolved into "cotton" in Vietnamese ( bông gòn, literally "cotton stick", i.e., "cotton plant", then shortened to gòn).
This name may refer to the many plants that the had planted around Prey Nokor, and which can still be seen at Cây Mai temple and surrounding areas. It may also refer to the dense and tall forest that once existed around the city, a forest to which the Khmer name, Prey Nokor, already referred.
Other proposed etymologies draw parallels from Tai-Ngon ( ), the name of , which means "embankment" (French: quais), and Vietnamese Sai Côn, a translation of the Khmer Prey Nokor (: ព្រៃនគរ).
means forest or jungle, and is a Khmer word of origin meaning city or kingdom, and related to the English word 'Nation' — thus, "forest city" or "forest kingdom". Truong Mealy (former director of King Norodom Sihanouk's royal Cabinet), says that, according to a Khmer Chronicle, The Collection of the Council of the Kingdom, Prey Nokor's proper name was Preah Reach Nokor (: ព្រះរាជនគរ), "Royal City"; later locally corrupted to "Prey kor", meaning "kapok forest", from which "Saigon" was derived ("kor" meaning "kapok" in Khmer and Cham, going into Vietnamese as "gòn" ).
Ho Chi Minh City The current official name, Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh, adopted in 1976 and abbreviated Tp. HCM, is translated as Ho Chi Minh City, abbreviated HCMC, and in French as Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville (the is sometimes omitted), abbreviated HCMV.
The name commemorates , the first leader of . This name, though not his given name, was one he favored throughout his later years. It combines a common Vietnamese surname (Hồ, ) with a given name meaning "enlightened will" (from ; Chí meaning 'will' or 'spirit', and Minh meaning 'light'), in essence, meaning "light bringer". History Location of the hexagonal Gia Dinh Citadel (r) and area (tilted square, left) in 1815. Today this forms the area of Ho Chi Minh City.
Early history The earliest settlement in the area was a temple at the location of the current Phung Son Pagoda, founded in the 4th century AD. A settlement called Baigaur, part of the Cham Empire was established on the site in the 11th century. When the Cham Empire was invaded by the , Baigaur was renamed Prey Nokor.
This meant "Forest City". An alternative name was Preah Reach Nokor which, according to a Khmer Chronicle meant "Royal City". It was succeeded a small fishing village likely known as the area that the city now occupies was originally forested, and was inhabited by for centuries before the arrival of the Vietnamese.
Khmer territory Beginning in the early 17th century, colonization of the area by Vietnamese settlers gradually isolated the Khmer of the Mekong Delta from their brethren in Cambodia proper and resulted in their becoming a minority in the delta. [ ] In 1623, King of Cambodia (1618–28) allowed Vietnamese refugees fleeing the in Vietnam to settle in the area of Prey Nokor and to set up a customs house there. Increasing waves of Vietnamese settlers, which the Cambodian kingdom could not impede because it was weakened by war with Thailand, slowly Vietnamized the area.
In time, Prey Nokor became known as Saigon. Prey Nokor was the most important commercial seaport to the Khmers. [ ] The loss of the city the cut off Cambodia's access to the .
Subsequently, the only remaining Khmers' sea access was south-westerly at the e.g. at and . Nguyễn Dynasty rule A French drawing of the French in 1859 by joint Franco-Spanish forces In 1698, , a Vietnamese noble, was sent by the Nguyễn rulers of by sea to establish Vietnamese administrative structures in the area, thus detaching the area from Cambodia, which was not strong enough to intervene.
He is often credited with the expansion of Saigon into a significant settlement. A large citadel called was built by Victor one of the . The citadel was later destroyed by the French following the (see ). [ ] Initially called Gia Dinh, the Vietnamese city became Saigon in the 18th century.
Colonial French era Colonized by France and Spain in 1859, and ceded to France by the 1862 , the city was influenced by the French during their colonisation of Vietnam, and a number of classical Western-style buildings and French villas in the city reflect this. Saigon had, in 1929, a population of 123,890, including 12,100 French. In 1931, a new called Saïgon–Cholon consisting of Saïgon and Cholon was formed. Saïgon and Cholon, meanwhile, remained separate cities with their respective mayors and municipal councils.
In 1956, after South Vietnam's independence from France in 1955, the région of Saïgon–Cholon became a single city called Saïgon following the merger of the two cities of Saïgon and Cholon. Capital of the Republic of Vietnam The proclaimed the independence of Vietnam in 1945 after a combined occupation by and Japan, and before the Communist revolution in China.
They were led by Ho Chi Minh. The Viet Minh-held sections of Vietnam were more concentrated in rural areas. Following the death of and the abandonment of anti-colonialist policies, the U.S. (in an attempt to control the spread of communism) supported France in regaining its control over the country, with effective control spanning mostly in the Southern half and parts of the region like , and .
Former Emperor made Saigon the capital of the in 1949 with himself as head of state. In 1954, the partitioned Vietnam the (), with the communist , under , gaining complete control of , while the Saigon government continued to govern the State of Vietnam which continued in the southern half of the country and the southern half gaining independence from France.
The State officially became the when Bảo Đại was deposed by his Prime Minister in 1955 in the . Saigon and Cholon, an adjacent city with mostly Sino-Vietnamese residents, were combined into an administrative unit known as the Đô Thành Sài Gòn ( Capital City Saigon), or Thủ đô Sài Gòn ( National Capital Saigon). Street view of Saigon, 1967 South Vietnam was a capitalist and anti-communist state which fought against the communist and their allies during the , with the assistance of the United States and other countries.
The Viet Cong (formerly Viet Minh), on the other hand, was supported by the Soviet Union. On 30 April 1975, , ending the Vietnam War. Post-Vietnam War and today Book Street in Saigon At the conclusion of the on 30 April 1975, the city came under the control of the . Among Vietnamese diaspora communities and particularly the U.S. (which had fought the communists), this event is commonly called the "", while the Socialist Republic of Vietnam refers to it as the "Liberation of Saigon".
In 1976, upon the establishment of the unified communist Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the city of Saigon (including Cholon), the province of Gia Ðịnh and two suburban districts of two other nearby provinces were combined to create Ho Chi Minh City in honor of the late Communist leader Hồ Chí Minh. The former name Saigon is still widely used by many Vietnamese, especially in informal contexts. Generally, the term Saigon refers only to the urban districts of Ho Chi Minh City.
Geography Ho Chi Minh City is located in the south-eastern region of Vietnam, 1,760 km (1,090 mi) south of . The average elevation is 19 metres (62 ft) above sea level.
It borders and to the north, and to the east, to the west and the to the south with a coast 15 km (9 mi) long. The city covers an area of 2,095 km 2 (809 sq mi or 0.63% of the surface of Vietnam), extending up to (12 mi or 19 km from the Cambodian border) and down to on the Eastern Sea. The distance from the northernmost point (Phú Mỹ Hưng Commune, ) to the southernmost one (Long Hòa Commune, Cần Giờ District) is 102 km (63 mi), and from the easternmost point (, District Nine) to the westernmost one (Bình Chánh Commune, Bình Chánh District) is 47 km (29 mi).
[ ] Climate The city has a tropical climate, specifically a , with an average humidity of 78–82%. The year is divided into two distinct seasons. The rainy season, with an average rainfall of about 1,800 millimetres (71 in) annually (about 150 rainy days per year), usually begins in May and ends in late October. The dry season lasts from December to April. The average temperature is 28 °C (82 °F), with little variation throughout the year.
The highest temperature recorded was 40.0 °C (104 °F) in April while the lowest temperature recorded was 13.8 °C (57 °F) in January. On average, the city experiences between 2,400 to 2,700 hours of sunshine per year. Climate data for , Ho Chi Minh City Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 36.4 (97.5) 38.7 (101.7) 39.4 (102.9) 40.0 (104) 39.0 (102.2) 37.5 (99.5) 35.2 (95.4) 35.0 (95) 35.3 (95.5) 34.9 (94.8) 35.0 (95) 36.3 (97.3) 40.0 (104) Average high °C (°F) 31.6 (88.9) 32.9 (91.2) 33.9 (93) 34.6 (94.3) 34.0 (93.2) 32.4 (90.3) 32.0 (89.6) 31.8 (89.2) 31.3 (88.3) 31.2 (88.2) 31.0 (87.8) 30.8 (87.4) 32.3 (90.1) Daily mean °C (°F) 26.0 (78.8) 26.8 (80.2) 28.0 (82.4) 29.2 (84.6) 28.8 (83.8) 27.8 (82) 27.5 (81.5) 27.4 (81.3) 27.2 (81) 27.0 (80.6) 26.7 (80.1) 26.0 (78.8) 27.4 (81.3) Average low °C (°F) 21.1 (70) 22.5 (72.5) 24.4 (75.9) 25.8 (78.4) 25.2 (77.4) 24.6 (76.3) 24.3 (75.7) 24.3 (75.7) 24.4 (75.9) 23.9 (75) 22.8 (73) 21.4 (70.5) 23.7 (74.7) Record low °C (°F) 13.8 (56.8) 16.0 (60.8) 17.4 (63.3) 20.0 (68) 20.0 (68) 19.0 (66.2) 16.2 (61.2) 20.0 (68) 16.3 (61.3) 16.5 (61.7) 15.9 (60.6) 13.9 (57) 13.8 (56.8) Average rainfall mm (inches) 13.8 (0.54) 4.1 (0.16) 10.5 (0.41) 50.4 (1.98) 218.4 (8.6) 311.7 (12.27) 293.7 (11.56) 269.8 (10.62) 327.1 (12.88) 266.7 (10.5) 116.5 (4.59) 48.3 (1.9) 1,931 (76.01) Average rainy days 2.4 1.0 1.9 5.4 17.8 19.0 22.9 22.4 23.1 20.9 12.1 6.7 155.6 Average (%) 72 70 70 72 79 82 83 83 85 84 80 77 78 Mean monthly 245 246 272 239 195 171 180 172 162 182 200 226 2,489 Source #1: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology, Asian Development Bank Source #2: (rainfall) Political and administrative system statue outside Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee Politics The is a 13-member executive branch of the city.
The current chairman is Nguyễn Thành Phong. There are several vice chairmen and chairwomen on the committee with responsibility for various city departments. The legislative branch of the city is the Ho Chi Minh City People's Council and consists of 95 members. The current Chairwoman is Nguyễn Thị Quyết Tâm. The judiciary branch of the city is the Ho Chi Minh City People's Court. The current Judge is Ung Thị Xuân Hương.
The executive committee of Communist Party of Ho Chi Minh City is the leading organ of the Communist Party in Ho Chi Minh City. The current secretary is Nguyễn Thiện Nhân. The chairman of the People's Committee is ranked second in the city politics after the Secretary of the Communist Party, while the chairman of the People's Council is ranked third. [ ] • • • Name of district Dec. 2003 Sub-division units Dec. 2003 Area (km 2) Dec. 2008 Population as of census 1 October 2004 Population as of census 1 April 2009 Population 2010 Population 2011 Population 2015 Population/km 2 2011 Urban districts 10 7.73 198,032 180,225 187,435 185,715 193,632 24,025 11 wards 49.74 125,136 147,490 140,621 136,497 147.168 2,744 14 wards 4.92 201,122 190,553 188,945 188,898 196,333 38,393 15 wards 4.18 180,548 180,980 183,261 183,043 186,727 43,790 15 wards 4.27 170,367 171,452 174,154 175,217 178,615 41,034 14 wards 7.19 241,379 249,329 253,474 251,902 258,945 35,035 10 wards 35.69 159,490 244,276 274,828 265,997 310,178 7,453 16 wards 19.18 360,722 408,772 418,961 421,547 431,969 21,978 13 wards 114 202,948 256,257 263,486 269,068 290,620 2,360 15 wards 5.72 235,231 230,345 232,450 234,188 238,558 40,942 16 wards 5.14 224,785 226,854 232,536 234,293 230,596 45,582 11 wards 52.78 290.129 405,360 427,083 451,737 510,326 8,589 16 wards 19.74 452,083 522,690 548,145 561,068 634,146 28,423 15 wards 22.38 397,569 421,724 430,436 430,350 459,029 19,229 11 wards 16.06 366,399 398,102 407,924 419,227 464,493 26,103 20 wards 20.76 423,896 457,362 470,054 479,733 487,985 23,109 15 wards 4.88 175,293 174,535 175,175 175,631 182,477 35,990 12 wards 49.76 336,571 442,177 455,899 474,547 528,413 9,537 10 wards 51.89 398,712 572,132 595,335 611,170 686,474 11,778 Total urban districts 259 wards 496.04 5,140,412 5,880,615 6,060,202 6,149,817 6.508.647 12,398 Districts 20 , 1 434.5 288,279 343,155 355,822 362,454 403,038 834 11 communes, 1 township 109.18 245,381 349,065 358,640 363,171 422,471 3326 15 communes, 1 township 252.69 304,168 420,109 447,291 465,248 591,451 1841 6 communes, 1 township 100.41 72,740 101,074 103,793 109,949 139,225 1095 6 communes, 1 township 704.22 66,272 68,846 70,697 70,499 74,960 100 Total (suburban) districts 58 communes, 5 townships 1,601 976,839 1,282,249 1,336,244 1,371,321 1.631.145 857 Whole city 259 wards, 58 communes, 5 townships 2,097.06 6,117,251 7,162,864 7,396,446 7,521,138 8.072.129 3,587 Demographics Historical population Year Area km 2 Population Person/km 2 Urban Rural Census 1999 - 5,034,058 - 4,207,825 826,233 2004 - 6,117,251 - 5,140,412 976,839 2009 2,097.1 7,162,864 3,416 5,880,615 1,282,249 Estimate 2010 2,095.6 7,346,600 3,506 6,114,300 1,232,300 2011 2,095.6 7,498,400 3,578 6,238,000 1,260,400 2012 2,095.6 7,660,300 3,655 6,309,100 1,351,100 2013 2,095.6 7,820,000 3,732 6,479,200 1,340,800 2014 2,095.5 7,981,900 3,809 6,554,700 1,427,200 2015 2,095.5 8,127,900 3,879 6,632,800 1,495,100 2016 2,061.4 8,287,000 4,020 6,733,100 1,553,900 2017 2,061.2 8,444,600 4,097 6,825,300 1,619,300 Sources: Tuệ Thành meeting house in The population of Ho Chi Minh City, as of the 1 October 2004 census, was 6,117,251 (of which 19 inner districts had 5,140,412 residents and 5 suburban districts had 976,839 inhabitants).
In mid-2007, the city's population was 6,650,942 – with the 19 inner districts home to 5,564,975 residents and the five suburban districts containing 1,085,967 inhabitants. The result of the 2009 Census shows that the city's population was 7,162,864 people, about 8.34% of the total population of Vietnam, making it the highest population-concentrated city in the country. As of the end of 2012, the total population of the city was 7,750,900 people, an increase of 3.1% from 2011.
As an administrative unit, its population is also the largest at the provincial level. The majority of the population are ethnic Vietnamese () at about 93.52%. Ho Chi Minh City's largest minority ethnic group are the Chinese () with 5.78%. – in District 5 and parts of Districts 6, 10 and 11 – is home to the largest Chinese community in Vietnam.
The (Chinese) speak a number of , including , (Chaozhou), , and ; smaller numbers also speak . Other ethnic minorities include with 0.34%, and with 0.1%.
Inhabitants of Ho Chi Minh City are usually known as "Saigonese" in English and "dân Sài Gòn" in Vietnamese. The three most prevalent religions in Ho Chi Minh City are with and (via ), which are often celebrated together in the same temple. Most and are strongly influenced by these traditional religious practices.
There is a sizeable community of , representing about 10% of the city's population. Other minority groups include , , , , , and members of the . Economy Ho Chi Minh City is the economic center of Vietnam and accounts for a large proportion of . Although the city takes up just 0.6% of the country's land area, it contains 8.34% of the population of Vietnam, 20.2% of its GDP, 27.9% of industrial output and 34.9% of the projects in the country in 2005.
In 2005, the city had 4,344,000 labourers, of whom 130,000 are over the labour age norm (in Vietnam, 60 for male and 55 for female workers). In 2009, reached $2,800, compared to the country's average level of $1,042. 2006 As of June 2006, the city has been home to three export processing zones and twelve industrial parks.
Ho Chi Minh City is the leading receiver of in Vietnam, with 2,530 FDI projects worth $16.6 billion at the end of 2007. In 2007, the city received over 400 FDI projects worth $3 billion. 2007 In 2007, the city's GDP was estimated at $14.3 billion, or about $2,180 per capita, up 12.6 percent from 2006 and accounting for 20% of the country's GDP.
The GDP adjusted to (PPP) reached $71.5 billion, or about $10,870 per capita (approximately three times higher than the country's average). The city's Industrial Product Value was $6.4 billion, equivalent to 30% of the value of the entire nation.
Export – Import Turnover through HCMC ports accounted for $36 billion, or 40% of the national total, of which export revenue reached $18.3 billion (40% of Vietnam's total export revenues). In 2007, Ho Chi Minh City's contribution to the annual revenues in the national budget increased by 30 percent, accounting for about 20.5 percent of total revenues. The consumption demand of Ho Chi Minh City is higher than other and 1.5 times higher than that of . 2008 In 2008, it attracted $8.5 billion in FDI.
In 2010, the city's GDP was estimated at $20.902 billion, or about $2,800 per capita, up 11.8 percent from 2009. 2012 By the end of 2012, the city's GDP was estimated around $28,595 billion [ – ], or about $3,700 per capita, up 9.2 percent from 2011. Total trade (export and import) reached $47.7 billion, with export at $21.57 billion and import $26.14 billion. 2013 In 2013, GDP of the city grew 7.6% by Q1, 8.1% by Q2, and 10.3% by the end of Q3. By the end of 2013, the city's GDP grew 9.3%, with GDP per capital reach $4500.
2014 By the end of 2014, the city's GDP grew 9.5%, with GDP per capita reaching $5100. The economy of Ho Chi Minh City consists of industries ranging from mining, seafood processing, agriculture, and construction, to tourism, finance, industry and trade. The state-owned sector makes up 33.3% of the economy, the private sector 4.6%, and the remainder in foreign investment.
Concerning its economic structure, the service sector accounts for 51.1%, industry and construction account for 47.7% and forestry, agriculture and others make up just 1.2%. is a software park situated in District 12. The park is approximately 15 km (9 mi) from downtown Ho Chi Minh City and hosts software enterprises as well as dot.com companies.
The park also includes a software training school. Dot.com investors here are supplied with other facilities and services such as residences and high-speed access to the internet as well as favourable taxation. Together with the in , and the 32 ha. software park inside Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone in District 7 of the city, Ho Chi Minh City aims to become an important hi-tech city in the country and the South-East Asia region.
, . This park helps the city in particular and Vietnam in general to become an outsourcing location for other enterprises in developed countries, as India has done. Some 300,000 businesses, including many large enterprises, are involved in high-tech, electronic, processing and light industries, and also in construction, building materials and agricultural products.
Additionally, crude oil is a popular economic base in the city. Investors are still pouring money into the city. Total local private investment was 160 billion (US$7.5 million) with 18,500 newly founded companies. Investment trends to high technology, services and real estate projects.
[ ] As of June 2006, the city had three export processing zones and twelve industrial parks, in addition to Quang Trung Software Park and Ho Chi Minh City hi-tech park. has invested about 1 billion dollars in a factory in the city. More than fifty banks with hundreds of branches and about 20 insurance companies are also located inside the city.
The , the first stock exchange in Vietnam, was opened in 2001. There are 171 medium and large-scale markets as well as several supermarket chains, shopping malls, and fashion and beauty centres. [ ] Some of the larger shopping malls and plazas opened recently include: District 1 • [[Tập_tin:LM81_NhonHuynh_5-8-2018.jpg|link=, the ]]Maximark - Multiple locations (District 10, and Tan Binh District) • Satramart - 460 3/2 Street, Ward 12, District 10 • (2016) - Multiple locations (District 10, and Go Vap District) • – Multiple locations (District 7, District 11, and Tan Binh District) • Mall Tan Phu Celadon (2014) - Multiple locations (Binh Tan District, and Tan Phu District) • SC VivoCity (2015) - 1058 Nguyen Van Linh Boulevard, Tan Phong Ward, District 7 • Zen Plaza (1995) – 54–56 Nguyễn Trãi St, District 1 • (1997) – 65 Lê Lợi Blvd, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1 • (1999) – 34 Le Duan Blvd, District 1 • (2002) – Multiple locations (District 10, Binh Tan District, Go Vap District, Phu Nhuan District, and Tan Phu District) • METRO Cash & Carry/Mega Market – Multiple locations (District 2, District 6, and District 12) • Crescent Mall - Phu My Hung, District 7 • (2005–2009) – Multiple locations (District 1, District 2, District 5, District 7, District 11, and Tan Binh District) • (2009) – 3 Nguyễn Lương Bằng St, Tan Phu Ward, District 7 • (2009) – 235 Nguyen Van Cu Ave, Nguyen Cu Trinh Ward, District 1 • Plaza (2010) – 39 Le Duan Blvd, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1 • Vincom Centre (2010) – 70–72 Lê Thánh Tôn St, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1 • Union Square - 171 Lê Thánh Tôn st, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1 • Vincom Mega Mall (2016) - Số 161 Xa Lộ Hà Nội, P.
Thảo Điền, District. 2 • (2010) – Hẻm số 2 Hàm Nghi Blvd, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1 • Co.opmart - Multiple locations (District 1, District 3, District 5, District 6, District 7, District 8, District 10, District 11, District 12, Binh Chanh District, Binh Tan District, Binh Thanh District, Cu Chi District, Go Vap District, Hoc Mon District, Phu Nhuan District, Tan Phu District, and Thu Duc District) In 2007, three million foreign tourists, about 70% of the total number of tourists to Vietnam, visited the city.
Total cargo transport to Ho Chi Minh City's ports reached 50.5 million , nearly one-third of the total for Vietnam. New urban areas With a population now of 8,382,287 (as of Census 2010 on 1 April 2010) (registered residents plus migrant workers as well as a metropolitan population of 10 million), Ho Chi Minh City needs increased public infrastructure. To this end, the city and central governments have embarked on an effort to develop new urban centres.
The two most prominent projects are the Thu Thiem city centre in District 2 and the Phu My Hung Urban Area, a new city centre in District 7 (as part of the Saigon South project) where various international schools such as and Australia's are located.
In December 2007, Phu My Hung's new City Centre completed the 17.8 km 10–14 lane wide Nguyen Van Linh Boulevard linking the Saigon port areas, Tan Thuan Export Processing Zone to the National Highway 1 and the area. In November 2008, a brand new trade centre, Saigon Exhibition and Convention Centre, also opened its doors.
Other projects include Grandview, Waterfront, Sky Garden, Riverside and Phu Gia 99. Phu My Hung's new City Center received the first Model New City Award from the Vietnamese Ministry of Construction. [ ] Tan Son Nhat International Airport The city is served by , the largest airport in Vietnam in terms of passengers handled (with an estimated number of over 15.5 million passengers per year in 2010, accounting for more than half of Vietnam's air passenger traffic ).
is scheduled to begin operating in 2025. Based in , , about 40 km (25 mi) east of Ho Chi Minh City, Long Thành Airport will serve international flights, with a maximum traffic capacity of 100 million passengers per year when fully completed; Tân Sơn Nhất Airport will serve domestic flights.
Rail Ho Chi Minh City is also a terminal for many train routes in the country. The (tàu Thống Nhất) runs from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi from in , with stops at cities and provinces along the line. Within the city, the two main stations are Sóng Thần and Sài Gòn. In addition, there are several smaller stations such as Dĩ An, Thủ Đức, Bình Triệu, Gò Vấp. However, rail transport is not fully developed and presently comprises only 0.6% of passenger traffic and 6% of goods shipments.
Water The city's location on the makes it a bustling commercial and passenger port; besides a constant stream of cargo ships, passenger boats operate regularly between Ho Chi Minh City and various destinations in Southern Vietnam and Cambodia, including , and the , and .
Traffic between Ho Chi Minh City and Vietnam's southern provinces has steadily increased over the years; the Doi and Te Canals, the main routes to the Mekong Delta, receive 100,000 waterway vehicles every year, representing around 13 million tons of cargo. A project to dredge these routes has been approved to facilitate transport, to be implemented in 2011–14. HCMC Ferrybus was also established as a maritime public transport.
Coach bus Ho Chi Minh City has a number of coach houses, which house to and from other areas in Vietnam. The largest coach station – in terms of passengers handled – is the in the . Inner city transport Private transport The main means of transport within the city are motorbikes, buses, taxis, and bicycles. Motorbikes remain the most common way to move around the city.
Taxis are plentiful and usually have meters, although it is also common to agree on a price before taking a long trip, for example, from the airport to the city centre. Public buses run on many routes and tickets can be purchased on the bus. For short trips, "xe ôm" (literally, "hug vehicle") motorcycle taxis are available throughout the city, usually congregating at a major intersection.
A popular activity for tourists is a tour of the city on , which allow for longer trips at a more relaxed pace. For the last few years, cars have become more popular. [ ] There are approximately 340,000 cars and 3.5 million motorcycles in the city, which is almost double compared with Hanoi. The growing number of cars tend to cause gridlock and contribute to air pollution. The government has called out motorcycles as the reason for the congestion and has developed plans to reduce the number of motorcycles and to improve public transport.
Metro system Proposed Metro Map The , a network, is currently in the preparation stages, with the first line currently under construction, to be completed by 2019. This first line will connect to in , with a depot in Long Binh. Planners expect the route to serve more than 160,000 passengers daily. A line between Bến Thành and Tham Luong in has been approved by the government, and several more lines are currently the subject of feasibility studies.
Expressway Main articles: and Ho Chi Minh City has two expressways of system, connect the city with other provinces. The first expressway is , opened in 2010, connect Ho Chi Minh City with and the . The second one is , opened in 2015, connect the city with , and the . The Ho Chi Minh City - Long Khanh Expressway is projected and will be constructed in the near future. Society Healthcare The health care system of the city is relatively developed with a chain of about 100 government owned hospitals or medical centres and dozens of privately owned clinics.
The 1,400 bed , upgraded by Japanese aid and the French-sponsored Institute of Cardiology and are among the top medical facilities in South-East Asia. Communications The Word Ho Chi Minh City, an English-language magazine. The city's media is the most developed in the country. At present, there are seven daily newspapers: ( Liberated Saigon), and its Vietnamese, investment and finance, sports, evening and weekly editions; ( Youth), the highest circulation newspaper in Vietnam; Thanh Nien ( Young Men), the second largest circulation in the south of Vietnam; Nguoi Lao Dong ( Labourer); The Thao ( Sports); Phap Luat ( Law) and the Saigon Times Daily, the English-language newspaper as well as more than 30 other newspapers and magazines.
The city has hundreds of printing and publishing houses, many bookstores and a widespread network of public and school libraries; the city's General Library houses over 1.5 mìllion books. Locally based Ho Chi Minh City Television (HTV) is the second largest television network in the nation, just behind the national Vietnam Television (VTV), broadcasting 24/7 on 7 different channels (using analog and digital technology).
Many major international TV channels are provided through two cable networks (SCTV and HTVC), with over one million subscribers. The is the largest radio station in southern Vietnam. [ ] Internet coverage, especially through ADSL connections, is rapidly expanding, with over 2,200,000 subscribers and around 5.5 million frequent users.
Internet service providers (ISPs) operating in Ho Chi Minh City include the Vietnam Data Communication Company (VDC), Corporation for Finance and Promoting Technology (FPT), Netnam Company, Saigon Post and Telecommunications Services Corporation (Saigon Postel Corporation, SPT) and Viettel Company.
As in all of Vietnam, Internet access is regulated; websites containing sensitive political or religious content are routinely blocked, and certain websites have been blocked, though government officials deny that this is intentional.
The city has more than two million fixed telephones and about fifteen million cellular phones (the latter growing annually by 20%). Mobile phone service is provided by a number of companies, including , , , and Vietnam Mobile.
Education High Schools Notable high schools in Ho Chi Minh City include , , , , , Gia Định High School, Lê Quý Đôn High School, , Võ Thị Sáu High School and among others. Though the former schools are all public, private education is also available in Ho Chi Minh City. High school consists of grade 10–12 (sophomore, junior, and senior). List of the best Public High schools in Ho Chi Minh City • • • • • • Bùi Thị Xuân High School • Gia Định High School • Mạc Đĩnh Chi High School • Lê Quý Đôn High School • Nguyễn Hữu Cầu High School • Nguyễn Hữu Huân High School List of other Public High schools • • Võ Thị Sáu High School • Chu Văn An High School • Trưng Vương High School • Lương Thế Vinh High School • Nguyễn Trãi High School • Nguyễn Du High School • Nguyễn Công Trứ High School • Nguyễn Chí Thanh High School • Nguyen Thai Binh High School • Thu Duc High School List of Private High schools • Nguyễn Khuyến High School • Ngô Thời Nhiệm High School • Khai Trí High School Universities See also: Higher education in Ho Chi Minh City is a burgeoning industry; the city boasts over 80 universities and colleges with a total of over 400,000 students.
Notable universities include , with 50,000 students distributed among six schools; (Vietnamese: Đại học Bách khoa, formerly Phú Thọ National Center of Technology); (formerly Saigon College of Sciences); (formerly Saigon College of Letters); ; ; and the newly established .
The headquarters of the National University is in Linh Trung ward, Thu Duc University Village Some other important higher education establishments include , , , Pham Ngoc Thach University of Medicine (formerly University of Agriculture and Forestry), , , , , , , , , the , the , , and . In addition to the above public universities, Ho Chi Minh City is also home to several private universities.
One of the most notable is , a campus of Australian public research with an enrollment of about 6,000 students. Tuition at RMIT is about US$40,000 for an entire course of study. Other private universities include The (or ISB), an English-language university run as a partnership with universities abroad, including the and , Montreal. (or SIU) is another private university run by the Group of Asian International Education.
Enrollment at SIU averages about 12,000 students Depending on the type of program, tuition at SIU costs US$5,000–6,000 per year.
Tourism Rex Hotel Today, the city's core is still adorned with wide elegant boulevards and historic French colonial buildings.
The majority of these tourist spots are located in District 1 and are a short leisurely distance from each other. The most prominent structures in the city centre are the ( Dinh Thống Nhất), City Hall ( Ủy ban nhân dân Thành phố), ( Nhà hát thành phố, also known as the Opera House), City Post Office ( Bưu điện thành phố), State Bank Office ( Ngân hàng nhà nước), City People's Court ( Tòa án nhân dân thành phố) and ( Nhà thờ Đức Bà).
Some of the historic hotels are the , dating from the French colonial era, and the and Caravelle hotels are former hangouts for American officers and war correspondents in the 1960s & '70s. A tour guide demonstrates a secret entrance at the . The city has various museums including the , , the Revolutionary Museum, the Museum of south-eastern Armed Forces, the , the Museum of Southern Women, the , the Nha Rong Memorial House, and the Ben Duoc Relic of Underground Tunnels.
The are north-west of the city in . The , in , dates from 1865. The Đầm Sen Tourist and Cultural Park, , and Cần Giờ's Eco beach resort are three recreational sites inside the city which are popular with tourists.
Aside from the Municipal Theatre, there are other places of entertainment such as the Bến Thành theatre, Hòa Bình theatre, and the Lan Anh Music Stage.
Ho Chi Minh City is home to hundreds of cinemas and theatres, with cinema and drama theatre revenue accounting for 60–70% of Vietnam's total revenue in this industry. [ ] Unlike other theatrical organisations found in Vietnam's provinces and municipalities, residents of Ho Chi Minh City keep their theatres active without the support of subsidies from the Vietnamese government.
The city is also home to most of the private film companies in Vietnam. [ ] Like many of Vietnam's smaller cities, the city boasts a multitude of restaurants serving typical Vietnamese dishes such as or . Backpacking travellers most often frequent the "Western Quarter" on and Bùi Viện Street, District 1.
As the international tourist statistic, Ho Chi Minh City welcomed 6 million tourists in 2017. Sports and recreation As of 2005 , Ho Chi Minh City was home to 91 football fields, 86 swimming pools, 256 gyms. The largest stadium in the city is the 25,000-seat , located on Đào Duy Từ Street, in Ward 6 of . The next largest is , located near in Tân Bình district. Army Stadium was of the venues for the finals.
As well as being a sporting venue, it is also the site of a music school. Phú Thọ Racecourse, another notable sporting venue established during colonial times, is the only racetrack in Vietnam. The city's Department of Physical Education and Sports also manages a number of clubs, including Phan Dinh Phung, Thanh Da, and Yet Kieu.
Ho Chi Minh City is home to a number of association football clubs. One of the city's largest clubs, , is based at Thống Nhất Stadium. As Cảng Sài Gòn, they were four-time champions of Vietnam's (in 1986, 1993–94, 1997, and 2001–02). The team currently plays in Vietnam's .
, founded as Quân Khu 4, also based at Thống Nhất Stadium, emerged as champions of the First Division in the 2008 season, and were promoted to the V-League in 2009. The city's police department also fielded a football team in the 1990s, Công An Thành Phố, which won the V-League championship in 1995. Celebrated striker , now manager of , played for the Police F.C. from 1995 to 2000, setting a league record of 25 goals in the 1996 season. Since 2016, has competed in .
In 2011, Ho Chi Minh City was awarded an expansion team for the . is the first ever international professional basketball team to represent Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City hosts a number of international sports events throughout the year, such as the and the . Several other sports are represented by teams in the city, such as volleyball, basketball, chess, athletics, and table tennis. [ ] Art Ho Chi Minh City is the second largest art city in Vietnam.
[ ] [ ] Due to its history, artworks have generally been inspired by both Western and Eastern styles. Famous art locations in Ho Chi Minh City include , and various art galleries located on Nam Ky Khoi Nghia street, Tran Phu street, and Bui Vien street. Sister cities There are 25 /regions of Ho Chi Minh City: City From , People's Republic of China 14 May 1994 , Philippines 27 June 1994 , USA 10 April 1995 , Japan 13 June 1995 , Republic of Korea 3 November 1995 , People's Republic of China 1 April 1996 , France 17 January 1997 , People's Republic of China 21 April 1999 , Russia 5 September 2000 , Laos 28 August 2001 , Laos 1 September 2001 (region), France 8 November 2001 , June 2002 , Russia 31 October 2003 , Ontario, Canada 13 February 2006 , Japan 23 July 2007 , Japan 27 October 2007 , Belarus 4 November 2008 , Russia 21 May 2009 , Spain 29 May 2009 , Republic of South Africa 10 November 2009 , Myanmar 2012 , Mexico 27 May 2013 , Japan 13 September 2016 See also • 25 November 2007 at the ., 29 October 2007 at the ., 21 December 2007 at the ., 30 November 2007 at the .
• The text of the resolution is as follows: "By the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, 6th tenure, 1st session, for officially renaming Saigon-Gia Dinh City as Ho Chi Minh City. The National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam Considering the boundless love of the people of Saigon-Gia Dinh City for President Ho Chi Minh and their wish for the city to be named after him; Considering the long and difficult revolutionary struggle launched in Saigon-Gia Dinh City, with several glorious feats, deserves the honor of being named after President Ho Chi Minh; After discussing the suggestion of the Presidium of the National Assembly's meeting; Decides to rename Saigon-Gia Dinh City as Ho Chi Minh City." .
People's Committee of Ho Chi Minh City. Archived from on 7 February 2011 . Retrieved 15 June 2010. • "Un siècle plus tard (1773), la révolte des TÁYON (sic) [qu’éclata] tout, d'abord dans les montagnes de la province de Qui-Nhon, et s'étendit rapidement dans le sud, chassa de Bien-Hoa le mouvement commercial qu'y avaient attiré les Chinois.
Ceux-ci abandonnèrent Cou-lao-pho, remontèrent de fleuve de Tan-Binh, et vinrent choisir la position actuele de CHOLEN. Cette création date d'environ 1778. Ils appelèrent leur nouvelle résidence TAI-NGON ou TIN-GAN.
Le nom transformé par les Annamites en celui de SAIGON fut depuis appliqué à tort, par l'expédition française, au SAIGON actuel dont la dénomination locale est BEN-NGHE ou BEN-THANH." Francis Garnier, quoted in: Hồng Sến Vương, Q. Thắng Nguyễn (2002). . Nhà xuất bản Văn học.
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I Arrived in Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam