County Towns: Aylesbury, Milton Keynes, Buckingham, High Wycombe Good For: Walking, Day Trips to London, River Thames. Buckinghamshire has been described as 'one of the most attractive and fascinating parts of the country'. The county is home to the green and rolling Chiltern Hills that inspired John Betjeman , and to the gently meandering River Thames .
This article is about the town in the United Kingdom. For the suburb of Perth, see . High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large town in , England. It is 29 miles (47 km) west north west of in London; this information is also engraved on the Corn Market building in the centre of the town. It is also 13.2 miles (21.2 km) south-south-east of the of , 23.4 miles (37.7 km) southeast of , 15.4 miles (24.8 km) north east of and 7.7 miles (12.4 km) north of .
According to the ONS official estimates for 2016, High Wycombe has a population of 125,257 and it is the second largest town in the county of Buckinghamshire after . , the conurbation of which the town is the largest component, has a population of 133,204. High Wycombe Coat of arms of High Wycombe. Motto: Industria ditat (Industry enriches) High Wycombe Guildhall, located at the end of the High Street • Website List of places : High Wycombe is mostly an in the . Part of the urban area constitutes the of , which had a population of 14,455 according to the 2001 census – this parish represents that part of the ancient parish of Chepping Wycombe which was outside the former of Wycombe.
Wycombe is a combination of industrial and , with a traditional emphasis on furniture production. There has been a market held in the High Street since at least the . A map of High Wycombe from 1945 The name Wycombe appears to come from the river Wye and the old English word for a wooded valley, , but according to the Oxford English Dictionary of Place-Names the name, which was first recorded in 799-802 as 'Wichama', is more likely to be Old English 'wic' and the plural of Old English 'ham', and probably means 'dwellings'; the name of the river was a late back-formation.
Wycombe appears in the of 1086 and was noted for having six mills. The town once featured a (built 150–170 AD) which has been excavated three times, most recently in 1954.
and a bathhouse were unearthed at the site on what is now the Rye parkland. High Wycombe was the home of 19th-century Prime Minister . The existence of a settlement at High Wycombe was first documented as 'Wicumun' in 970. The parish church was consecrated by Wulfstan, the visiting , in 1086. The town received market borough status in 1222, and built its first in 1226, with a market hall being built later in 1476.
Feudal Barony The Barony of Wycombe is one of the few titles in history that’s so closely associated with negotiations that influence the rights of individuals that even today that it’s hard to dismiss.
The men who held the title played such a meaningful supporting role in the signing of one of the most important documents on record – the Magna Carta – that anyone connected with it is touching living history. For not only has it shaped the British rule of law, but also the American Constitution.
The manor and Lordship of Wycombe was originally given to a member of the Basset family, Thomas Gilbert, in 1171. A fitting offering for the man who was, at that time, the Sheriff of Oxfordshire. But from this fairly standard start for a title, being only a lordship, within thirty odd years it was to be closely allied with the King. Passing through a small number of Bassets as they died, by 1215 Wycombe was resting with Alan Basset… as a Barony.
When this upgrade occurred is not clear. But the fact that Alan Basset was one of but a handful of barons who accompanied King John to Runnymede on 15th June for the signing of Magna Carta means he’d become an individual of influence. Listed as a King’s counsellor, through Alan Basset the Barony of Wycombe had begun its parallel wanderings with The Great Charter and the throne. When John died in 1216, the title’s association with both remained strong.
Henry III took the crown and Alan Basset was, again, a witness to a reworked version of Magna Carta on 11th November. The Basset family remained closely allied with the King over the next few years, and upon Alan’s demise in 1232 his son Gilbert became 2nd Baron of Wycombe. It’s at this point, though, that things started to get a little rocky.
It would seem that despite being in the good favour of Henry III, Gilbert joined a political group headed by Richard, Earl Marshall. He was summoned, with other barons, to meet Henry’s foreign relations… but he refused to attend.
As any child discovers, petulant behaviour tends to elicit a punishment. Henry took back one of Gilbert’s manors. When he tried to reclaim it, the King announced him to be a traitor and threatened him with hanging unless he left the court.
Further peevish behaviour then saw him outlawed by the King, and orders were sent out to destroy all towns, castles and parks that belonged to him, and his associates. However, as was often the case in this turbulent medieval era, the pendulum swung back the following year when the Earl Marshal died.
Gilbert was asked to take his place, and his estates were returned. What prompted Henry’s change of heart is unclear… but the politics of the time were far from straightforward. Sadly for Gilbert, in 1241 he suffered a hunting accident and was paralysed. He never recovered and his son soon inherited the title. But he too was short-lived, and within the same year Gilbert’s brother, Fulk – Dean of York – inherited the barony and he became the 4th Baron of Wycombe. It appears that Fulk, too, was destined to clash with the King.
Later that year he was elected Bishop of London, much to Henry’s disgruntlement, who’d wanted the Bishop of Hereford to get the role. Within five years, however, he’d redeemed himself in the eyes of the King, only to displease Pope Innocent IV instead. The Pope had decided all beneficed clergy should give him up to half their income for three years, and he’d entrusted Fulk to see this was enacted. Henry forbade it, though, and Fulk sided with the King on this. It was a dispute that would rumble for a number of years and finally saw Fulk at first excommunicated… before then being absolved from excommunication the following year.
You know how it is… Again, it’s unclear why, but it is of great significance that Fulk was named when a grant was agreed by the Pope that a tenth of the Churches’ revenue be given to Henry. Interestingly, Fulk had originally opposed this grant, but his leanings then changed in return for the King confirming Magna Carta in April.
But as the pendulum would ever continue to swing, so did Fulk’s relationship with the crown. In 1255, having been made Head of the English Church (a role that had been vacant for some time) Fulk and Henry fell out again. This time the King threatened him with the Pope’s displeasure, and Fulk made his famous retort, “The Pope and the King may indeed take away my bishopric, for they are stronger than I; let them take away my mitre, and my helmet will remain…”.
They must have reconciled their differences, though, for by 1258 when Henry was forced by the barons to grant their requests, Fulk was sword adviser to the King and stayed out of the action. In fact, Fulk’s name appears consistently by the side of Henry until his death in 1259. At this point, because Fulk had no children, the Barony of Wycombe naturally passed to his younger brother, Philip. The new baron, who had actually opposed his brother’s views with regard to the barons’ requests for some time, upon inheriting the title switched to supporting the King.
The currency of the time was castles, and he got Oxford and Bristol in return. He then proceeded to build quite a collection, for he was appointed Sheriff to four counties and entrusted with two further castles – Corfe and Sherburne.
The same year, 1261, he was then made Justiciary of England and left in charge of the kingdom whilst Henry travelled to France. Opposition swiftly grew, however, and he just as quickly lost his justiciarship.
The consolation for his pain was… castles; Henry granted him Devizes Castle and the counties of Somerset and Dorset as a salve. As can be seen, the bond Philip had developed with the King by now was significant. Later that year, he played his part in supporting Henry in an attempted coup de main on Dover. And was also listed as a surety for the King in the Mise of Amiens in a bid to avert civil war.
Philip’s loyalty to Henry remained unstinting during the Second Barons’ War. He headed up the storm and capture of Northampton; fought at Lewes; and was taken prisoner in Dover Castle.
With a royalist victory at Evesham, he was freed. And then proceeded to act as a mediator on the surrender of Ely. He acted as an arbitrator when the ‘Dictum of Kenilworth’ was drawn up. And then once again found himself appointed as Sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, and Constable of Devizes. When Philip died in 1271, the legacy of the Barony of Wycombe shifted to his daughter, Aline who married Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk.
The 6th Baron of Wycombe, Major David C. Faltot was conveyed the title on 18 December 2018 as noted in the . Major Faltot was born on July 10, 1954 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as Thomas Allen Laird and assumed his current name after being adopted as an infant. He is a career military officer having served in both the US Navy and Army. He earned a Master of Science Degree from the University of Southern California in Systems Management and served in the first Iraq War as a Naval Officer.
He is a Knight in the Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem (SMOTJ) and in civilian life worked as a consultant for Accenture and Capgemini in the United States, China, Indonesia, Japan and the UK. He descends from the English House of Lancaster and the Stewart Kings of Scotland.
The Baron has four adult sons who live in the US; Richard, Justin, Sean and Michael. His wife, Micky, was born in South Korea and immigrated to the United States in 1987. She is a career educator and holds a PhD from Texas Women’s University. The Baron and Baroness currently reside in Dallas, Texas. The Barony of Wycombe’s significance earned it a place in global history.
Closely aligned with King John, King Henry, and the astonishing force that is still the Magna Carta, the Barony of Wycombe is inextricably connected to many significant historical developments, the rights of individuals and the American Constitution. Trade and industrial development High Wycombe remained a mill town through Medieval and times, manufacturing and cloth.
It was also a stopping point on the way from Oxford to London, with many travellers staying in the town's taverns and inns. The paper industry was notable in 17th and 18th century High Wycombe. The Wye's waters were rich in , and therefore ideal for bleaching pulp.
The paper industry was soon overtaken by the cloth industry. Wycombe's most famous industry, furniture (particularly ) took hold in the 19th century, with furniture factories setting up all over the town. Many terraced workers' houses were built to the east and west of town to accommodate those working in the furniture factories. In 1875, it was estimated that there were 4,700 chairs made per day in High Wycombe.
When visited the town in 1877, the council organised an arch of chairs to be erected over the High Street, with the words "Long live the Queen" printed boldly across the arch for the Queen to pass under. includes many examples of locally made chairs and information on the local furniture and lace industries. The town's population grew from 13,000 residents in 1881 to 29,000 in 1928.
Wycombe was completely dominated socially and economically by the furniture industry and, consequently, there was considerable unemployment and social problems when the industry declined in the 1960s.
[ ] 20th century River Wye near Industrial Estate By the 1920s, many of the housing areas of Wycombe had decayed into slums. A scheme was initiated by the council in 1932, whereby many areas were completely demolished and the residents rehoused in new estates that sprawled above the town on the valley slopes. Some of the districts demolished were truly decrepit, such as Newland, where most of the houses were condemned as unfit for human habitation, with sewage pouring down the street and people sharing one room in cramped quarters of subdivided flats.
[ ] However, some areas such as St. Mary's Street contained beautiful old buildings with fine examples of 18th and 19th century architecture. From 1940 to 1968 High Wycombe was the seat of the . Moreover, during the , from May 1942 to July 1945, the 's Bomber Command, codenamed "Pinetree", was based at a former girls' school at High Wycombe. This formally became Headquarters, 8th Air Force, on 22 February 1944.
In the 1960s the town centre was redeveloped. This involved culverting the River Wye under concrete and demolishing most of the old buildings in Wycombe's town centre.
Two shopping centres were built along with many new , office blocks, and . On the open area known as Frogmoor (or Frogmore) the original fountain and some buildings have been torn down. [ ] High Wycombe comprises a number of suburbs including , Bowerdean, Castlefield, Cressex, Daws Hill, Green Street, Holmers Farm, Micklefield, Sands, Terriers, Totteridge, and , as well as some nearby villages: and . Particular areas in the suburbs of Castlefield, Micklefield, Terriers and Totteridge have high levels of deprivation compared to the rest of the urban area.
Although situated in the county of , which is one of the most affluent parts of the country, Wycombe contains some considerably deprived areas. In 2007, a survey ranked the Wycombe district as the 4th dirtiest in the South East and the 26th dirtiest in the whole . The survey found litter on 28.5% of streets and highways. Data for the survey were taken from the Government's 2005/06 .
The town has undergone major redevelopment, including development of the town's existing shopping centre, completion of the , and redevelopment of the with a large student village and new building on Queen Alexandra Road.
These developments prompted the building of larger blocks of flats, a multimillion-pound hotel in the centre, and a store on the next to the Eden shopping centre and .
High Wycombe's population figure differs with the varying definitions of the town's area. For the town proper (that is, without the suburbs) it is often given as 77,178. However, is now regarded as part of Wycombe, which makes the population of High Wycombe town 92,300. The High Wycombe urban area (with some surrounding settlements) has a population of 133,204. Which is approximately a 13% increase on the 2001 population of 118,229. High Wycombe Urban Area Place Population (2001 census) Population (2011 census) / 12,795 5,304 5,108 2,452 1,761 / 20,500 High Wycombe 77,178 120,256 3,853 1,915 TOTAL 118,229 133,204 Notes: • / and / were included as part of the High Wycombe subdivision in the 2011 census.
• and were separate urban areas in the 2001 census. • The subdivision includes the village of . Based on the 2001 census and the 2007 Indices of Multiple Deprivation data, High Wycombe has the lowest proportion of people from the white ethnic group in Buckinghamshire, representing 76% of the population.
The next biggest ethnic group in High Wycombe is the Asian and Asian British group, representing 16% of the population. The Black/Black British ethnic group was represented by 5% and the Mixed ethnic group by 2% of the population. is the first language spoken by 66% of school pupils living in High Wycombe. Of the 34% of pupils living in the town whose first language is not English, 19% speak and just over 6% as a first language.
. history extends back to 1295. The Wycombe constituency is currently a majority. Notable MPs High Wycombe has been home to two : • the lived at what is now (and was also MP for the town) • , who lived at nearby , was defeated as an independent candidate in 1832, but won election in 1868 and 1874-1880 as a Conservative. Disraeli made his first political speech in Wycombe, from the portico over the door of the Red Lion Hotel on the High Street (now Iceland/Bargain buys). Local government The constituency is strongly Conservative outside High Wycombe town; in the town itself the political landscape is more mixed with some wards represented by independent, and councillors.
Weighing the mayor A ceremony carried out in the town since 1678 involves the . At the beginning and end of each year of service, the mayor is weighed in full view of the public to see whether or not he has gained weight, presumably at the taxpayers' expense.
The custom, which has survived to the present day, employs the same weighing apparatus used since the 19th century. When the result is known, the announces "And no more!" if the mayor has not gained weight or "And some more!" if he has. His actual weight is not declared. Buckinghamshire is one of the few counties that still has a selective educational system based on the former . Pupils in their last year at primary school take what is commonly known as the .
Their score in this exam determines whether they are accepted into a or a . Primary schools Catchment area primary schools in High Wycombe • • Beechview Junior School • Booker Hill Combined School • Castlefield Combined School • Chepping View Combined School • Hamilton Academy • Hannah Ball School • Highworth Combined School & Nursery • High Wycombe Church of England Combined School • Kings Wood Combined School • Marsh Infants School • Millbrook Combined School • Oakridge Combined School • (combined primary and secondary school) • The Disraeli Combined School and Children's Centre Gateway Building, .
• West Wycombe Combined School Secondary schools • • • • (combined primary and secondary school) • • • • Independent schools • Crown House School • Godstowe Preparatory School • • Further and higher education is a college located near High Wycombe at , with campuses also at and . High Wycombe is home to the main campus of .
It is located in the centre of the town on the former site of the High Wycombe College of Art and Technology. It received its university charter in summer 2007. High Wycombe has been featured in the national media in recent years for a number of different reasons, including seasonal coverage of the local library's refusal to display a Christmas carol service poster and other stories such as the triple shooting of three young Asian men, a small-scale riot between feuding families and gangs in which knives, metal poles, and an axe were used whilst a gunman sprayed bullets; and the shooting and murder of Natasha Derby at in the middle of a busy dance floor at a town centre venue.
The town appeared in national and international media after raids were carried out across the town on 10 August 2006 as part of the . Five arrests were made at three different houses in the town's Totteridge and Micklefield areas. A small number of houses in High Wycombe were evacuated in Walton Drive, which is thought to be because one of the raided houses contained dangerous liquid chemicals. A three-mile (4.8 km) over the town was ordered. Other raids and arrests were also made in and .
King's Wood to the north of the town was cordoned off for four months to be searched by police, and many suspicious items were allegedly found including , detonators, weapons and tapes. Other woodlands in the area of the town and the at High Wycombe as well as nearby woods were also under observation.
Explosives officers were called to the motorway, as were officers. A lane of the motorway was closed as a precaution. On 21 December 2009, heavy snowfall hit the town, paralysing its road network (which is mainly on steep hills), and causing major disruption to refuse services for several weeks. Staff and customers of the John Lewis department store were stranded overnight, leading to national news reports and interviews from and other radio stations on the morning of 22 December. This section needs additional citations for .
Please help by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2018) () • – actor who played the of in , and columnist for the Bucks Free Press.
• stars and met when they attended in Wycombe. then joined the group after Fielding scouted him performing in the theatre. • – country and RnB singer originally from . • – author and artist. • , entertainment producer and promoter. Best known as of the annual • – actor, comedian, writer, producer and television host.
• – drummer, the Pentangle, David Bowie, Elton John, Charles Aznavour and many others. • – rock & roll singer and songwriter. He was educated at the Royal Grammar School. • – British actress best known for her role as in .
• – author, educated at John Hampden Grammar School. • – actor. • - actor. [ ] • – singer and songwriter. He was educated at the Royal Grammar School. • – former member of , Black Moses and currently frontman of . • – actor and musician.
• – presenter, currently lives in the town. • – comic actress. • – member of girl band , winners of 2011. • Mark Reilly – Lead singer of the band . [ ] • – British-born German television presenter, actress, singer and author in March 2008. • – actress of and . • – singer. • – keyboard player with rock band . • – film and television director.
[ ] • – TV presenter, standup comedian and actor. • – pop singer. • – High Wycombe-based band. Sports • – footballer with • – former footballer most recently with . • – Welsh international footballer. • – scrum-half for England rugby union team which won the in 2003. He was educated at the Royal Grammar School. • – former world no.1 golfer, educated at the Royal Grammar School.
• – motor-racing driver, currently racing in the • – England Women's cricketer and Women's World Cup winner. • - hockey player who received an MBE in 2007. [ ] • – motor-racing driver, currently racing in the .
• – former footballer and manager, winner of the League Cup in 1967. • – motor-racing driver. • – former Worcestershire and England cricketer. • – England and London Wasps Rugby Flanker, educated at the Royal Grammar School. • – Olympic athlete. • – Middlesex and England cricketer. • – England Wasps player, educated at the Royal Grammar School and raised in High Wycombe.
Other fields • – celebrity chef and owner of the 3-star restaurant. He was born in the town and educated at John Hampden Grammar School. • – aristocrats. • – , educated at the Royal Grammar School. • – aviation pioneer and aircraft engineer. Born at Terriers House. • – 19th century prime minister, politician, and literary figure. • – sculptor and print maker. • – philosopher. • – supermodel. • – supermodel. Road The town's nearest is the , which has two junctions serving Wycombe: junction 3 for and High Wycombe (east) and junction 4 at for central Wycombe, and .
Junction 4 is a major interchange between the M40 and which provides a link to the M4. It had suffered from heavy congestion but was improved by the in 2006. Junction 3 is restricted; only traffic going towards and coming from London can join and exit respectively. The and are also fairly close. Other roads include the towards Marlow and ; the towards ; and the towards and . Bus in July 2009 is served by and . Major destinations include , , , , , , , and . In November 2013, added express route X9 to Maidenhead to its existing X74 express to Slough.
Other operators serving the town include Redline, Red Rose and Z&S Buses. High Wycombe is served by one of Buckinghamshire's Rainbow Routes network of services. Originally piloted in , its success led to a network being set up in the town. Rainbow Routes is a partnership between and local operators Arriva Shires & Essex and Carousel Buses. They provide regular services within the town and its suburbs, and this network includes: • Pink Route 30 – Arriva Shires & Essex, every 15 minutes to • Green Route 31 – Arriva Shires & Essex, every 15 minutes to and • Blue Route 32 – Arriva Shires & Essex, every 15 minutes to and • Red Route 33 – Arriva Shires & Essex, every 12 minutes to Totteridge and Castlefield • Purple Route 35/36 – Carousel Buses, every 30 minutes to • Orange Route 39 – Carousel Buses, every 20 minutes to Hicks Farm The town also has a facility located in Cressex, near junction 4 of the M40.
Services run to the town centre, passing the , it also serves Wycombe Hospital and Hicks Farm Rise. Coach The only coach service to enter the town centre is route 737 service from Oxford to .
close to junction 4 of the M40 is served by National Express services to destinations across the United Kingdom. It opened in January 2016.
It is linked to the town by local buses and by park and ride buses. Rail in February 2015 The town is served by on the , with services operated by from to , , , and .
The station is the busiest in South Buckinghamshire. Express services travel to London in 23 minutes, slower trains take up to 45 minutes. The ran from High Wycombe to on the through and . However, it was a victim of the with the Wycombe to Bourne End section closed in May 1970. The southern section remains open as part of the .
Air is the nearest , located just outside Buckinghamshire in . on the southern edge of the town is popular with learning pilots and gliders. High Wycombe Eden Centre in 2007 There are two shopping centres: the which spreads from the High Street under the Abbey Way flyover to the south of the A40; and the , which is located between Queen's Square and Frogmoor to the north.
The High Street ( in the early 1990s) has a number of 18th and 19th century buildings, and ends at the colonnaded that was built in 1757 by and renovated in 1859. The small octagonal-shaped Cornmarket opposite, known locally as the Pepper Pot, was rebuilt to designs by in 1761. The large parish church of All Saints was founded in 1086, enlarged in the 18th century and extensively restored in 1889.
There is a large, well equipped theatre, the , which hosts many acts and shows before or after their appearance in the . In March 2008, a new development of the town centre was completed.
This included the demolition and movement of the bus station and the brand new , with 107 shops, new restaurants, a large bowling alley and cinema and new housing.
The old Octagon shopping centre was connected to the new development. The complex, one of the largest in the country, is seen as a major milestone in the regeneration of the town. There are out-of-town retail outlets in the suburbs of Cressex (including , and ), and Wycombe Marsh, where there is small retail park of shops and restaurants including Hobbycraft, PC World, Pets at Home, Argos, Homebase and M&S Simply Food.
Desborough Road provides a secondary shopping area with more independent traders and a number of . To the east of the town centre is the extensive Rye park (and ) and dyke.
The park had an outdoor , which closed in 2009. The pool has now reopened together with a new gym and has been renamed as the Rye Lido. The River Wye winds through the green space, which is particularly attractive during the summer. Wycombe's yearly "Asian Mela" takes place on the Rye. There is a museum on Priory Avenue in the town centre situated on its own grounds and including a .
The theme of the museum is the history of Wycombe, with the main focus being the chair industry. Wycombe town centre is home to many public houses and bars, especially in the Frogmoor area.
The White Horse pub appeared on 'Britain's toughest pubs'. The town features the old , formerly the largest dry ski slope in England, before it was destroyed in a fire. Construction work was due to start in September 2008, on what would have become England's third and largest indoor real snow ski centre. In May 2009, it was announced that construction would be delayed due to 'difficulties getting a planning consent amendment.' As of 31 January 2012 it was announced that the site was up for sale.
borders the northern urban fringe of High Wycombe, approximately 2 miles (3 km) from the centre of town. Built in the , the architecturally appealing house was also home to for three decades in the mid-19th century. The three-floor mansion is situated in its own extensive grounds with beautifully landscaped gardens which back into the attractive Chiltern countryside.
It is open to the public all year round as an historical attraction. The local council maintains a landmark statue of a red lion above the former store on the High Street. Its significance dates back to when the building was the Red Lion Hotel. Since its installation, the lion has been replaced several times and has had to undergo extensive repair due to damage from both the elements and human interference.
Another notable landmark is the ruins of the , which is located on Easton Street, just east of the town centre opposite the Rye parkland, and dates to the 12th century. The stone structure is one of the very oldest in Wycombe, and is said to contain stone used from the Roman villa on the Rye. The site of the ancient is situated between the Desborough and Castlefield suburbs of the town, and provides their names.
Wycombe was once renowned for (the town's football team is nicknamed the 'Chairboys') and furniture design remains an important element of the town's university curriculum, .
Among the best known furniture companies were and . The runs through the valley, where trees were cut down by the chair industry to forming the town centre (circa 1700), with housing along the slopes (some areas are still surrounded by woods).
The town was also home to the worldwide and printer . More recent industries in the town include the production of paper, precision instruments, clothing and plastics. Many of these are situated in an industrial area of the Cressex district, southwest of the town centre. The two largest sites belong to the companies (tobacco papers, filters and matches) and Verco (office furniture), who until 2004 sponsored the local football team, Wycombe Wanderers.
Wycombe's industrial past is reflected on the town's motto Industria ditat, "Industry enriches". The motto can be found on town crest and Mayor's badge of office. Booker Gliding Club and two at , the modern name for Booker Airfield, to the south of the M40 motorway on the western edge of the town. Many of the replica aircraft used in the film industry, for example in films such as , and were built and flown there.
There is a restaurant (The Pad) with outdoor picnic tables that is open to visitors beneath the . Wycombe Air Park is one of the busiest airfields in the UK. The is also home to Buckinghamshire Squash and Racketball Club. There is also a large to the south of town at the top of Marlow Hill. Many sporting activities take place here and there is an , which can be split into two 25-metre pools by raising and lowering a wall.
The leisure centre was designed by renowned architect John Attenborough. It will be demolished to make way for other developments once a new sports centre is completed on the site in 2015/16. After a £2 million investment into the former Holywell Mead open swimming pool site in the town's Rye Park, a new sports & leisure facility was reopened in the summer of 2012. A new experimental scheme to knock down old council flats in and replace them with properties was approved by in 2003 after overwhelming approval by council residents.
There are many different housing areas within the town, some of which such as the Castlefield district have gained a bad reputation for crime and drug-related problems. The town is a diverse mixture of large council estates built in the 1930s, 1950s and 1960s that sprawl up the valley sides, compact terraces in the bottom of the valley to the east and west of town, and desirable areas for wealthy commuters.
The Amersham Hill area is noted for its large period properties and leafy streets. Recent developments are showing a tendency towards blocks of flats, and developers are mainly making use of brownfield sites. The town's team, , play at , named after Frank Adams who donated the old Loakes Park ground to the club. They relocated to their current stadium in 1990.
They are currently members of and have been members of the since 1993 when they were promoted as champions of the . Since then they have enjoyed two notable cup runs (to the semi-finals of the in 2001 and the in 2007) and three recent promotions from the fourth tier of the English league to League One (via the playoffs in 1994 and automatically in 2009, 2011 and 2018). They have been managed by a number of high-profile football figures, including , and .
Their current manager is former player/manager . The team has also played at Adams Park for home games between the 2002–03 season and December 2014, the club's most successful spell. , a female athlete who is current European Indoor Champion and world outdoor silver medallist for , and also current world bronze medalist for outdoor , is a High Wycombe native.
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Retrieved 17 January 2015.
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