The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry and one of the five fighting arms or branches of the Royal Navy. The Royal Marines were formed in 1755 as the Royal Navy's infantry troops. However, the marines can trace their origins back to the formation of the English Army's Duke of York and Albany's maritime regiment of Foot at the grounds of the Honourable Artillery Company on 28 October 1664.
OUR CAPABILITY versatile strength The Royal Navy’s capability is among the most impressive in the world. What does it take to bring it to life?
People of the highest calibre. And some of the most powerful equipment on the planet. Explore the specialist skills and gear behind our operational effectiveness. OUR ORGANISATION one navy The Royal Navy is made up of five arms. The might of ships in the Surface Fleet, the aerial strength that is the Fleet Air Arm, the covert Submarine Service, the elite and amphibious Royal Marines, and the civilian fleet central to our effectiveness, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.
best dating a royal marine commando - How much does a royal marine commando earn in training
What you date someone whos trained to kill? Who is Mentally and physically constantly tested and hard to break, someone who has completed 32 weeks of 1 of the hardest military training in the world? Whos been trained to hold his emotions and carry out orders his been given even if it involed killing someone? What you still date / stay with them even though they could not be around for 6months in a war zone and may not come home? I know people sometimes degrade soldiers but girls would you not date some because of there job?
No I wouldn't marry a royal marine commando. I want to understand my hudband, and I want him to understand me. I wouldn't be able to understand someone who is trained to kill. As is my job, I hope to save lives.
I want regular sex and I want to know there's a very good chance they'll come home safe everynight. I hate missing people and I hate worrying about people. I'm sorry we can't marry. (Original post by Thud) My god a soldier would turn me on. Not so sure about the 6 months apart though, that's difficult to deal with.
Likewise, haha. I think it'd be awful, knowing the guy you love is on the other side of the world being shot at and fighting 24/7. It'd be hard, you'd worry about if you'd ever see him again, I don't know.
It's something I really do admire, but not seeing someone you love everyday and knowing they're in such danger everyday would hurt so much. woww! i see no problem with dating a royal marine commando, shows they are brave & strong & can look after u i would find it really hard 2 b with someone while they were gone 4 6 months & i'd be outta my mind with worry so i dnt think i could handle them goin way all the time but if they stayed over here 4 quite a while i see no problem with it...
it may be that im just weird but id imagine it 2 b a really adventurous relationship hahaa! Perhaps its just my experience but ive met a couple of ex-marines in the past and they were very arrogant not very nice people.
I dont know whether thats because thats just the kind of people they always were or due to their experiences, training or things they had done and seen, but based on that no I wouldnt.
Like I said thats a generaliseation based on 2 people though and of course it depends on the individual. Ultimatly however the likelyhood is that id not be comfortable or happy dating someone with that mentality or the ability to get into the frame of mind as to where they could kill someone for their job. Id also not be happy knowing they were going off into a warzone, I couldnt build a life with someone- kids for example knowing they were putting themselves into that situation.
(Original post by Shout Box) What you date someone whos trained to kill? Who is Mentally and physically constantly tested and hard to break, someone who has completed 32 weeks of 1 of the hardest military training in the world? Whos been trained to hold his emotions and carry out orders his been given even if it involed killing someone? What you still date / stay with them even though they could not be around for 6months in a war zone and may not come home?
I know people sometimes degrade soldiers but girls would you not date some because of there job? Yes, definately I saw the back of a man at the gym the other day, was a royal marine t-shirt and just the t-shirt turned me on!!!!!
The fact they're trained to kill wouldn't bother me. Like Louise said above though, I think some can be a bit cocky (a couple of lads I went to school with are in the marines now) but that it down to the person, I severely doubt all marines are like that. The short answer being no it wouldn't bother me.
(Original post by snorty_swirl) i would look more at personality, but having said that im not keen of tough, violent people.. if he can combine that with the sensitive, intelectual caring man i want then yea i guess.. but that isnt exactly gonna happed your be surprised how many marines are caring and sensitive, I don't think I'd have a serious relationship with anybody serving in the armed forces.
Not because of the trained-to-kill thing necessarily but I wouldn't cope well with living apart for months at a time and knowing that they were in a war zone. I also think that being in the armed forces, especially serving in an active war zone can have quite serious repercussions on the mental health of a lot of servicemen (and women) and I think it would be very difficult to help somebody overcome the fact they might have killed somebody, or watched their friend die in conflict etc.
It would probably be even harder if they were a Marine as you definitely have to have a certain type of personality or mindset to go in to it, let alone what the experience can do to you, so I don't think I could settle with someone who was. I've utmost respect for the people who can though.
On the other hand, a short term thing... yes, as long as they were good looking and in uniform (Original post by Shout Box) What you date someone whos trained to kill?
Who is Mentally and physically constantly tested and hard to break, someone who has completed 32 weeks of 1 of the hardest military training in the world? Whos been trained to hold his emotions and carry out orders his been given even if it involed killing someone? What you still date / stay with them even though they could not be around for 6months in a war zone and may not come home?
I know people sometimes degrade soldiers but girls would you not date some because of there job? Actually, I was 'involved' with a guy that was training to be a Marine. And one of my closest male friends is training to be a marine. So...generally, I strongly approve of Marines; they're buff, emotionally robust, interesting and extremely attractive. The being away for extended periods of time is a bit off putting, but if I was really into the guy, and if I trusted him not to cheat (and if he trusted me not to cheat), then it wouldn't stop me from wanting to be with him.
In short - Marines = ding ding ding! (Original post by prettyblueeyes) I don't think I'd have a serious relationship with anybody serving in the armed forces. Not because of the trained-to-kill thing necessarily but I wouldn't cope well with living apart for months at a time and knowing that they were in a war zone. I also think that being in the armed forces, especially serving in an active war zone can have quite serious repercussions on the mental health of a lot of servicemen (and women) and I think it would be very difficult to help somebody overcome the fact they might have killed somebody, or watched their friend die in conflict etc.
It would probably be even harder if they were a Marine as you definitely have to have a certain type of personality or mindset to go in to it, let alone what the experience can do to you, so I don't think I could settle with someone who was.
I've utmost respect for the people who can though. On the other hand, a short term thing... yes, as long as they were good looking and in uniform And commando going by the title of this thread.
"Royal Marine" redirects here. For the racehorse, see . The Corps of Royal Marines ( RM) is the and one of the five fighting arms or branches of the . The Royal Marines were formed in 1755 as the Royal Navy's . However, the marines can trace their origins back to the formation of the 's "Duke of York and Albany's maritime regiment of Foot" at the grounds of the on 28 October 1664. Corps of Royal Marines Badge Founded 28 October 1664 ; 354 years ago ( 1664-10-28) Country Type Role & Size 7,760 Royal Marines 530 Part of Naval Staff Offices , , Nickname(s) "Royals" "Bootnecks" "The Commandos" "Jollies" Motto(s) "Per Mare, Per Terram" () "By Sea, By Land" Colours Blue, Gold, Green, Red March Quick: "" Slow: "" Engagements As a highly specialised and adaptable light infantry force, the Royal Marines are trained for rapid deployment worldwide and capable of dealing with a wide range of threats.
The Royal Marines are organised into a light infantry brigade () and a number of separate units, including , 43 Commando Royal Marines formerly (previously the Comacchio Group), and a company strength commitment to the . The Corps operates in all environments and climates, though particular expertise and training is spent on , , , , and its commitment to the UK's Force. Throughout its history, the Royal Marines have seen action in a number of major wars often fighting beside the – including the , the , the , and .
In recent times the Corps has been largely deployed in expeditionary warfare roles such as the , the , the , the , the , the and the . The Royal Marines have close international ties with allied marine forces, particularly the and the (Dutch: Korps Mariniers). Today, the Royal Marines are an elite fighting force within the British Armed forces, having undergone many substantial changes over time.
Main article: The Royal Marines traces its origins back to 28 October 1664 when at the grounds of the "the Duke of York and Albany's maritime regiment of foot" was first formed. Early British Empire On 5 April 1755, His Majesty's Marine Forces, fifty Companies in three Divisions, headquartered at , , and , were formed by Order of Council under control. Initially all were Royal Navy officers as the Royal Navy felt that the ranks of Marine field officers were largely honorary.
This meant that the furthest a Marine officer could advance was to lieutenant colonel. It was not until 1771 that the first Marine was promoted to colonel. This attitude persisted well into the 1800s.
During the rest of the 18th century, they served in numerous landings all over the world, the most famous being the on the coast in 1761. They also served in the , notably in the led by Major . Major General John Tupper His Majesty's Marine Forces. In 1788 a detachment of four companies of marines, under Major , accompanied the to protect a new colony at (). Due to an error the Fleet left Portsmouth without its main supply of ammunition, and were not resupplied until the Fleet docked in Rio de Janeiro midway through the voyage.
Scholars such as Christopher Warren and Seth Carus argue that the Marines deliberately spread smallpox among Australia's indigenous population in order to protect the settlement and respond to an overwhelming strategic threat. This incident does not appear in contemporaneous Marine or government records.
Major Ross lost his papers during the shipwreck of HMS Sirius. Some researchers associate the indigenous smallpox outbreak with other causes. Private of Marines, 1815. In 1802, largely at the instigation of Admiral the Earl St.
Vincent, they were titled the Royal Marines by . The Royal Marines Artillery (RMA) was formed as a separate unit in 1804 to man the artillery in .
These had been manned by the Army's , but a lawsuit by a Royal Artillery officer resulted in a court decision that Army officers were not subject to Naval orders.
As RMA uniforms were the blue of the Royal Regiment of Artillery they were nicknamed the "Blue Marines" and the Infantry element, who wore the scarlet uniforms of the British infantry, became known as the "Red Marines", often given the semi-derogatory nickname "Lobsters" by sailors.
A fourth division of the Royal Marines, headquartered at , was formed in 1805. During the the Royal Marines participated in every on board the Royal Navy's ships and also took part in multiple amphibious actions.
Marines had a dual function aboard ships of the Royal Navy in this period; routinely, they ensured the security of the ship's officers and supported their maintenance of discipline in the ship's crew, and in battle, they engaged the enemy's crews, whether firing from positions on their own ship, or fighting in boarding actions. In the Caribbean theatre volunteers from freed French slaves on were used to form 's first . These men bolstered the ranks, helping the British to hold the island until reinforcements arrived.
This practice was repeated during the , where escaped American slaves were formed into 's second . These men were commanded by Royal Marines officers and fought alongside their regular Royal Marines counterparts at the .
Throughout the war Royal Marines units raided up and down the east coast of America including up the and in the . They fought in the and later helped capture in Mobile Bay in what was the last action of the war. Royal Marines parade in the streets of , , in spring 1897, following British occupation during the . In 1855 the Infantry forces were renamed the Royal Marines Light Infantry (RMLI). During the in 1854 and 1855, three Royal Marines earned the , two in the Crimea and one in the .
In 1862 the name was slightly altered to Royal Marine Light Infantry. The did not fight any other ships after 1850 and became interested in landings by Naval Brigades. In these Naval Brigades, the function of the Royal Marines was to land first and act as skimishers ahead of the sailor Infantry and Artillery.
This skirmishing was the traditional function of Light Infantry. For most of their history, British Marines had been organised as . In the rest of the 19th Century the Royal Marines served in many landings especially in the and (1839–1842 and 1856–1860) against the Chinese.
These were all successful except for the landing at the Mouth of the in 1859, where ordered a landing across extensive mud flats.
The Royal Marines also played a prominent role in the in China (1900), where a Royal Marine earned a . Pursuing a career in the Marines had been considered social suicide through much of the 18th and 19th centuries since Marine officers had a lower standing than their counterparts in the Royal Navy. A short-lived effort was made in 1907, through the common entry or "Selborne Scheme", to reduce the professional differences between RN and RM officers through a system of common entry that provided for an initial period of shared training.
World wars First World War During the , in addition to their usual stations aboard ship, Royal Marines were part of the which landed in in 1914 to help defend and later took part in the in 1915.
It also served on the . The Division's first two commanders were Royal Marine Artillery Generals. Other Royal Marines acted as landing parties in the Naval campaign against the Turkish fortifications in the Dardanelles before the Gallipoli landing. They were sent ashore to assess damage to Turkish fortifications after bombardment by British and French ships and, if necessary, to complete their destruction. The Royal Marines were the last to leave Gallipoli, replacing both British and in a neatly planned and executed withdrawal from the beaches.
The Royal Marines also took part in the in 1918. Five Royal Marines earned the Victoria Cross in the First World War, two at Zeebrugge, one at Gallipoli, one at Jutland and one on the Western Front. Between the wars After the war Royal Marines took part in the . In 1919, the 6th Battalion RMLI mutinied and was disbanded at Murmansk. The Royal Marine Artillery (RMA) and Royal Marine Light Infantry (RMLI) were amalgamated on 22 June 1923. Post-war demobilisation had seen the Royal Marines reduced from 55,000 (1918) to 15,000 in 1922 and there was pressure for a further reduction to 6,000 or even the entire disbandment of the Corps.
As a compromise an establishment of 9,500 was settled upon but this meant that two separate branches could no longer be maintained. The abandonment of the Marine's artillery role meant that the Corps would subsequently have to rely on Royal Artillery support when ashore, that the title of Royal Marines would apply to the entire Corps and that only a few specialists would now receive gunnery training.
As a form of consolation the dark blue and red uniform of the Royal Marine Artillery now became the full dress of the entire Corps. Royal Marine officers and SNCO's however continue to wear the historic scarlet in to the present day.
The ranks of , used by the RMLI, and , used by the RMA, were abolished and replaced by the rank of Marine. Second World War in action during , Norway. During the , a small party of Royal Marines were first ashore at , seizing the approaches to the Norwegian town preparatory to a landing by the two days later. The Royal Marines formed the Royal Marine Division as an amphibiously trained division, parts of which served at Dakar and in the capture of .
After the assault on the French naval base at Antsirane in Madagascar was held up, fifty Sea Service Royal Marines from HMS Ramilles commanded by Captain Martin Price were landed on the quay of the base by the British destroyer HMS Anthony after it ran the gauntlet of French shore batteries defending Diego Suarez Bay. They then captured two of the batteries, which led to a quick surrender by the French.
In addition the Royal Marines formed Mobile Naval Base Defence Organisations (MNBDOs) similar to the . One of these took part in the . Royal Marines also served in and in , where due to losses they were joined with remnants of the 2nd Battalion, to form the "Plymouth Argylls".
The Royal Marines formed one Commando (A Commando) which served at . One month after Dieppe, most of the 11th Royal Marine Battalion was killed or captured in an ill staged amphibious landing at Tobruk in .
Again, the Marines were involved with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, this time the 1st Battalion. In 1942 the Infantry Battalions of the Royal Marine Division were re-organised as , joining the . The Division command structure became a command. The support troops became crew and saw extensive action on in June 1944. Men of engaged in house to house fighting with the Germans at Riva Bella, near . A total of four Special Service Brigades (later Commando brigade) were raised during the war, and Royal Marines were represented in all of them.
A total of nine RM Commandos () were raised during the war, numbered from 40 to 48. had just one RM Battalion, . had two RM battalions, Nos and Commandos. also had two, Nos and Commandos. was entirely Royal Marine after March 1944, comprising Nos , , and Commandos. 1 Commando Brigade took part in first in the and then assaults on and , campaigns in the and .
2 Commando Brigade was involved in the , , , and operations in the . 3 Commando Brigade served in Sicily and . 4 Commando Brigade served in the and in the on the island of during the clearing of . Royal Marine Commandos attached to 3rd Division move inland from Sword Beach on the Normandy coast, 6 June 1944.
In January 1945, two further RM Brigades were formed, 116th Brigade and 117th Brigade. Both were conventional Infantry, rather than in the Commando role.
116th Brigade saw some action in the , but 117th Brigade was hardly used operationally. In addition one Landing Craft Assault (LCA) unit was stationed in Australia late in the war as a training unit. In 1946 the Army Commandos were disbanded, leaving the Royal Marines to continue the Commando role (with supporting Army elements).
A number of Royal Marines served as pilots during the Second World War. It was a Royal Marines officer who led the attack by a formation of that sank the . Eighteen Royal Marines commanded squadrons during the course of the war, and with the formation of the were well-represented in the final drive on Japan.
Captains and Majors generally commanded squadrons, whilst in one case Lt. Colonel R.C. Hay on was Air Group Co-ordinator from of the entire .
Throughout the war Royal Marines continued in their traditional role of providing ships detachments and manning a proportion of the guns on and Capital Ships.
They also provided the crew for the UK's Minor , and the Royal Marines Armoured Support Group manned tanks on ; one of these is still on display at . Only one Marine ( of 43 Commando) was awarded the in the Second World War for action at Lake Comacchio in . Hunter was the most recent RM Commando to be awarded the medal. The Royal Marines Boom Patrol Detachment under Blondie Haslar carried out and provided the basis for the post-war continuation of the .
Post-colonial era The Corps underwent a notable change after 1945 however, when the Royal Marines took on the main responsibility for the role and training of the . The Royal Marines have an illustrious history, and since their creation in 1942 Royal Marines Commandos have engaged on active operations across the globe, every year, except 1968. Notably they were the first ever military unit to perform an air assault insertion by helicopter, during the in 1956.
They were also part of the land element during the 1982 . Cold War Royal Marines during an exercise in .
During the the Royal Marines were earmarked to reinforce 's northernmost command . Therefore, began to train annually in Northern Norway and had large stores of vehicles and supplies pre-positioned there. At the end of the Cold War in 1989 the structure of the Royal Marines was as follows: • , • , • , • , • , • , , Plymouth, one battery in Arbroath, (18x ) • , Plymouth (4x , 4x , 2x ), served aboard • , Plymouth (4x LCU Mk.9, 4x LCVP Mk.4, 2x Centurion BARV), served aboard • , , Plymouth, one troop in Arbroath • , , (12x , 6x ) • 2 Raiding Squadron, Royal Marines (Reserve), Plymouth • , (V), Plymouth • , (V), Plymouth (6x ) • , , under operational control of • , , guarded HMNB Clyde and the UK's naval nuclear weapons stored at • , Plymouth • , • (RMR), Plymouth • RMR Bristol, • RMR London, • RMR Merseyside, • RMR Scotland, • RMR Tyne, Note: "(V)" denotes reserve units.
Royal Marines in Sangin, , 2010 The Royal Marines are part of the Naval Service and under the full command of . The rank structure of the corps is similar to that of the with officers and other ranks recruited and initially trained separately from other naval personnel. Since 2017 women have been able to serve in all roles in the Royal Marines. On average, 1,200 recruits attend training courses at the every year. At its height in 1944 during the Second World War, more than 70,000 people served in the Royal Marines.
Following the Allied victory the Royal Marines were quickly reduced to a post-war strength of 13,000. When finally came to an end in 1960, the Marines were again reduced, but this time to an all force of 9,000 personnel. As of October 2014 the Royal Marines had a strength of 7,760 Regular and 750 , giving a combined component strength of around 8,510 personnel. The Royal Marines are the only European marine force capable of conducting amphibious operations at level. Equipment Infantry The basic infantry weapon of the Royal Marines is the assault rifle, sometimes fitted with the underslung grenade launcher.
Support fire is provided by the light machine gun, the (GPMG) and the heavy machine gun (which is often mounted on an armoured vehicle); indirect fire by the . Sniper rifles used include the , produced by . More recently the has come into service as the . Other weapons include the , the and the . Armour The Royal Marines maintain no heavy armoured units, instead, they operate a fleet of lightly armoured and highly mobile vehicles intended for amphibious landings or rapid deployment.
The primary operated by the Armoured Support Group is the All Terrain Armoured Vehicle. Other, lighter vehicles include the Armoured Patrol Vehicle, the Armoured Vehicle and the High Mobility All Terrain Vehicle. Artillery Field artillery support is provided by of the British Army using the , a 105 mm towed . The regiment is . Aviation The of the provides transport helicopters in support of the Royal Marines.
It currently uses both medium-lift transport and attack to provide direct aviation support for the Corps. In addition, the provides heavy-lift and medium-lift transport helicopters. Vessels The Royal Marines operate a varied fleet of designed to transport troops and material from ship to shore or conduct river or estuary patrols.
These include the 2000TDX , the Mk10 , the and the for special forces. Other smaller amphibious craft such as the , and are in service in much greater numbers. • The overall head of the Royal Marines is , in her role as of the . The ceremonial head of the Royal Marines is the (equivalent to the of a regiment).
The current Captain-General is . Full Command of the Royal Marines is vested in the (FLTCDR) with the , a , embedded within the (NCHQ) as Commander UK Amphibious Force (COMUKAMPHIBFOR). The operational capability of the corps comprises a number of -plus sized units, of which five are designated as "commandos": Operational structure of the Royal Marines. • (known as Forty Commando) based at , , Somerset, England • (known as Four Two Commando) based at , , Devon, England • Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines based at , , (Previously Comacchio Group).
• (known as Four Five Commando) based at , , Angus, Scotland • based at , Plymouth • based at , Devon • based at , Devon • (RMASG) is an element of the Royal Marines that operates the Viking All Terrain Vehicle.
It is based at in Somerset. • based at , Dorset (although Full Command is retained by CINCFLEET, Operational Command of SBS RM is assigned to ). • based at , Devonport. Each Commando Unit will rotate through one of three roles every six months. • Lead Commando – This unit will be the first unit called upon in case of short-notice operations anywhere around the world.
• Force Generating – Training (Force Generating) to assume the role of Lead Commando • Standing task – general duties unit With the exception of the 43 Commando Fleet Protection Group and Commando Logistic Regiment, which are each commanded by a full , each of these units is commanded by a of the Royal Marines, who may have sub-specialised in a number of ways throughout their career.
3 Commando Brigade Insignia of 3 Commando Operational command of the five commandos and the Commando Logistics Regiment is delegated to , of which they are a part. Based at , the brigade exercises control as directed by either CINCFLEET or the . As the main combat formation of the Royal Marines, the brigade has its own organic capability to it in the field, 30 Commando Information Exploitation Group, a battalion sized formation providing information operations capabilities, life support and security for the Brigade Headquarters.
, responsible for the security of the United Kingdom's nuclear deterrent and other security-related duties was originally outside the brigade however from April 2012 it moved into it. It also provides specialist boarding parties and snipers for the Royal Navy worldwide, for roles such as embargo enforcement, counter-narcotics, counter-piracy and counter-insurgency activities of the Royal Navy. It is the largest unit in the brigade, at 790 strong.
Independent elements The independent elements of the Royal Marines are: A Royal Marines team boards US Navy destroyer .
• : This is the training unit for the entire corps, and consists of three separate sections: • Commando Training Wing: This is the initial basic training section for new recruits to the Royal Marines, and the UK Forces .
• Specialist Wing: This provides specialist training in the various trades which Marines may elect to join once qualified and experienced in a Rifle Company.
• Command Wing: This provides command training for both and of the Royal Marines. • : Provides training in the use of and boats, and also serves as a parent unit for the three assault squadrons permanently embarked on the 's amphibious ships.
• 4 Assault Squadron— • 6 Assault Squadron— • (SBS) are naval and under operational command of . It is commanded by a lieutenant colonel qualified as a swimmer canoeist.
SBS responsibilities include water-borne operations, maritime counter-terrorism and other special forces tasks. • provides regular bands for the Royal Navy and provides expertise to train RN Volunteer Bands. Musicians have an important secondary roles as medics, orderlies, CBRN specialists and any other roles that may be required of them.
Personnel may not be commando trained, usually wearing the dark blue beret instead of green; until 2017, the band service was the only branch of the Royal Marines to admit women.
Structure of a commando The Commando Flash and dagger worn on the sleeve 40 and 45 Commando are each organised into six , further organised into -sized , as follows: Command company • Main HQ • Tactical HQ • Reconnaissance Troop with a sniper section • Mortar Troop • Anti-Tank (AT) Troop • Medium Machine Gun Troop 2X Close Combat Companies • Company Headquarters • 3X Close Combat Troops 2X Stand Off Companies • Company Headquarters • Heavy Machine Gun (HMG) Troop • AT Troop • Close Combat Troop.
Logistic Company • A Echelon 1 • A Echelon 2 • FRT (Forward Repair Team) • RAP (Regimental Aid Post) • B Echelon In general a rifle company Marine will be a member of a four-man , the building block of commando operations. A Royal Marine works with his team in the field and shares accommodation if living in barracks. This structure is a recent development, formerly Commandos were structured similarly to British Army light Infantry .
Amphibious Task Group A Royal Marine 'Underslinging', from an RAF as a method of quick extraction and insertion of waterborne personnel Formerly known as the Amphibious Ready Group, the Amphibious Task Group (or ATG) is a mobile, balanced force, based on a Commando Group and its supporting assets, that can be kept at high readiness to deploy into an area of operations.
The ATG is normally based around specialist amphibious ships, most notably , the largest ship in the British fleet. Ocean was designed and built to accommodate an embarked commando and its associated stores and equipment.
The strategy of the ATG is to wait "beyond the horizon" and then deploy swiftly as directed by HM Government. The whole amphibious force is intended to be self-sustaining and capable of operating without host-nation support. The concept was successfully tested in operations in . Commando Helicopter Force The (CHF) forms part of the .
It comprises three helicopter squadrons and is commanded by the . It consists of both (RN) and Royal Marines personnel. RN personnel need not be commando trained. The CHF is neither under the permanent control of nor that of the Commandant General Royal Marines, but rather is allocated to support Royal Marines units as required. It uses both medium-lift and light transport/reconnaissance to provide aviation support for the Royal Marines.
Royal Marines snipers displaying their L115A1 rifles Royal Marines are required to undergo one of the longest and most physically demanding specialist infantry training regimes in the world. Recruit training lasts for 32 weeks for Marines and 60 weeks for officers. Potential recruits must be male and aged 16 to 32 (18 to 25 for Commissioned Officers); however by the end of 2018 women will be permitted to apply after the ban on women in Ground Close Combat roles was lifted in July 2016.
and they must first undertake a series of interviews, medical tests, an eye/sight test, psychometric tests and a PJFT (Pre-joining fitness test). Once a potential recruit passes these, enlisted recruits undertake a 3-day selection course called PRMC (Potential Royal Marine Course) and potential officers undertake POC (Potential Officer Course) – both take place at the (CTCRM) in , Devon.
Officers must also take the (AIB). Upon passing the 3-day course, recruits then start basic recruit training (RT) at CTCRM. A large proportion of training is carried out on 's inhospitable terrain and woodland. Throughout the recruit training, Royal Marines learn and develop many military skills such as weapons handling, marksmanship and proficiency with different firearms, personal administration, marching and parade ground skills, map reading and navigation, physical fitness and mental toughness development, skills such as camouflage and stalking, basic survival techniques, patrolling and sentry duty development, unarmed and armed (CQC), first aid, underwater escape, chemical biological radiological nuclear (CBRN) training, military communications and signals, teamwork skills, amphibious landings training, and leadership skills for officers to name a few.
The best recruit to finish training is awarded the Kings Badge. King George V directed that his Royal Cypher, surrounded by a laurel wreath, would be known as the King's Badge, and would be awarded to the best all round recruit in the King's Squad, provided that he was worthy of the honour.
The badge was to be carried on the left shoulder, and worn in every rank. The King's Badge is not awarded to every squad, and is only presented if a recruit measures up to the very exacting standards required. Throughout his career, a Marine can specialise in a number of different roles upon completion of their respective courses after spending 1–2 years as a general duties (GD) Marine. Examples of some specialisations and different courses includes the mountain leader (ML), physical training instructor (PTI), Assault Engineer (AE), Royal Marines police (RMP), sniper (S), medical assistant (MA), pilot, reconnaissance operator (RO), drill instructor (DL), driver (D), clerk (C), signaller (SI), combat intelligence (CI), armourer (A), and heavy weapons (HW).
Royal Marines can also apply for swimmer canoeist/ selection (SBS) or any other branch of the . All Royal Marines will also conduct training exercises on differing military skills on a regular basis including development in mountain, arctic, jungle, amphibious and desert warfare. They can also be involved in exchange training programs with other countries forces – particularly the and the /Korps Mariniers. The Royal Marines have a proud history and unique traditions.
With the exceptions of "Gibraltar" and the laurel wreath for the Battle of Belle Island, their colours (flags) do not carry in the manner of the regiments of the British Army or of the US Marine Corps, but rather the "globe itself" as a symbol of the Corps.
Royal Marine Beret Badge The heraldic crest of the Royal Marines commemorates the history of the Corps. The Lion and Crown denotes a Royal regiment.
conferred this honour in 1802 "in consideration of the very meritorious services of the Marines in the late war." The "Great Globe itself" was chosen in 1827 by in place of to recognise the Marines' service and successes in multiple engagements in every quarter of the world.
The laurels are believed to honour the gallantry they displayed during the investment and capture of , off , in April–June 1761. The word refers to the by a force of Anglo-Dutch Marines in 1704 and the subsequent defence of the strategic fortress throughout a nine-month against a numerically superior Franco-Spanish force.
Their determination and valour throughout the siege led to a contemporary report published in The Triumphs of Her Majesty's Arms in 1707 to announce: Encouraged by the Prince of Hesse, the garrison did more than could humanly be expected, and the English Marines gained an immortal glory — referred to by Paul Harris Nicolas, Historical record of the Royal marine forces There are no other battle honours displayed on the of the four battalion-sized units of the current Corps.
The Latin motto "Per Mare Per Terram" translates into English as "By Sea By Land". Believed to have been first used in 1775 this motto describes the Royal Marines ability in fighting both afloat on-board ships of the Royal Navy, as well as ashore in their many land engagements. The fouled anchor, incorporated into the emblem in 1747, is the badge of the and shows that the Corps is part of the . The regimental quick march of the Corps is "", while the slow march is the of the , awarded to the Corps by Admiral of the Fleet of Burma on the occasion of the Corps's tercentenary in 1964.
Lord Mountbatten was Life Colonel Commandant of the Royal Marines until his murder by the IRA in 1979. Royal Marines on Parade in the City of London marking the 350th anniversary of the Corps in 2014 The Royal Marines are allowed by the to march through the as a regiment in full array.
This dates to the charter of that allowed recruiting parties of the Admiral's Regiment of 1664 to enter the City with drums beating and colours flying. Uniforms The modern Royal Marines retain a number of distinctive uniform items. These include the green "Lovat" service dress worn with the , the dark blue parade dress worn with either the white Wolseley Pattern Helmet (commonly referred to as "") or white and red peaked cap, the scarlet and blue for officers and senior non-commissioned officers and the white hot-weather uniform of the Band Service.
For historical information regarding Marine uniforms, see . Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Early connections date from Balaclava in the and Lucknow during the , but the main association stems from World War II.
In July 1940, after the fall of Dunkirk, the 5th Battalion, served with the Royal Marine Brigade for over a year. When the battleships and were , the Royal Marines survivors joined up with the remnants of the 2nd Battalion, in the . They formed what became known as 'The Plymouth Argylls', after the association football team, since both ships were Plymouth manned. Most of the Highlanders and Marines who survived the bitter fighting were taken prisoner by the Japanese.
The Royal Marines inter-unit rugby football trophy is the 'Argyll Bowl', presented to the Corps by the Regiment in 1941. Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment The fore-bearer regiments of the , was initially raised as amphibious troops.
They served as Marines for a period. To this day one officer from the Royal Marines serves with the PWRR and Vice Versa. Also the Royal Marine Lanyard is worn by all ranks in Service Dress and Number 2 Dress uniform and barrack dress of PWRR. Barbados Defence Force Close links have existed between the Royal Marines and the since 1985 when a bond was established following a series of cross-training exercises in the Caribbean.
The Alliance was approved by HM the Queen in 1992. Netherlands Marine Corps The Royal Marines have close links with the Royal , with whom they conduct NATO exercises throughout the year. Formed during the Anglo-Dutch Wars in 1665, the Dutch Marines distinguished themselves in raids on the English coast, where it is likely they met their future counterparts.
Units of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps work in close co-operation with 3 Commando Brigade of the Royal Marines.
Operational units of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps are fully integrated into this brigade. This integration is known as the and is a component of the United Kingdom-Netherlands Amphibious Force as a key strike force during the Cold War to strengthen the Nordic area. 9th Light Armoured Marine Brigade The 9eme BIMa (9th Marine Infantry Brigade) is a Marine infantry brigade which is one of the two designated amphibious brigades in France.
It is unique in being the only 'all Marine' Brigade in the French Army; the other amphibious brigade, 6eme Light Armoured Brigade, is composed of a mix of cap badges.
9 BIMa is also a light armoured brigade, formed of two Marine infantry regiments (2 and 3 Regiments d'Infanterie de Marine- 2/3 RIMa) and a tank battalion. • . Royal Marines Charity. 19 January 2018 .
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Training and Cooking with the Royal Marines - Gordon Ramsay